Immunogenicity and safety of a cell culture-derived inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine (NBP607-QIV): A randomized, double-blind, multi-center, phase III clinical trial in adults and elderly subjects

Wonseok Choi, Ji Yun Noh, Joon-Young Song, Hee-Jin Cheong, Seong Heon Wie, Jin Soo Lee, Jacob Lee, Shin Woo Kim, Hye Won Jeong, Sook In Jung, Yeon Sook Kim, Heung Jeong Woo, Kyung Ho Kim, Hun Kim, Woo Joo Kim

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Abstract

Background: The influenza B virus has two lineages; Yamagata and Victoria. The two lineages are antigenically distinct and it is difficult to expect cross-protection between the lineages. Actually, the mismatch between circulating influenza B viruses and vaccine strains has been occurred frequently. The cell-culture system for the production of influenza vaccine can contribute to improve vaccine strain selection and expand vaccine supplies. We investigated the immunogenicity and safety of cell culture-derived quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (NBP607-QIV) in adults and elderly subjects. Methods: A randomized controlled phase III trial was undertaken in 10 university hospitals in the Republic of Korea (Clinical trial Number—NCT02467842). Adults (aged 19–59 years) and elderly subjects (aged ≥60 years) were randomly assigned in a 2:1:1 ratio to NBP607-QIV versus cell culture-based trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine-Yamagata (NBP607-Y) and cell culture-based trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine-Victoria (NBP607-V). Immunogenicity was assessed 3 weeks after vaccination by hemagglutination inhibition assay. Safety was assessed for 6 months post-vaccination: solicited adverse events (AEs) for 7 days, unsolicited AEs for 21 days and serious adverse events (SAEs) for 6 months. AEs were sub-classified as adverse drug reactions (ADRs) according to the causality. Results: A total of 1,503 participants were randomly assigned to NBP607-QIV (n = 752), NBP607-Y (n = 373) and NBP607-V (n = 378). The seroconversion rates of NBP607-QIV were 52.4%, 51.2%, 43.7% and 55.8% against A/H1N1, A/H3N2, B/Yamagata and B/Victoria, respectively. Non-inferiority against shared strains and superiority against alternate-lineage B strains were demonstrated for NBP607-QIV vs. NBP607-Y and NBP607-V. A total of 730 reactions occurred in 324 (43.1%) subjects of NBP607-QIV group. Majority of ADRs was solicited (99.2%) and mild (90.3%) in intensity. In adults (aged 19–59 years), solicited local AEs were slightly more frequent in NBP607-QIV group than NBP607-Y or NBP607-V group (40.9%, 33.4% and 32.5%, respectively). One SAE was observed among NBP607-QIV group, which was considered to be unrelated to the study vaccine within 3 weeks of vaccination and no vaccine-related SAEs were reported up to 6 months after vaccination. Conclusions: NBP607-QIV is a safe, well-tolerated and immunogenic influenza vaccine in Korean adults and elderly subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1653-1660
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 3

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Keywords

  • cell culture techniques
  • clinical trial
  • human
  • inactivated
  • influenza B virus
  • influenza vaccine
  • vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

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