Immunogenicity and safety of an AS03-adjuvanted H5N1 pandemic influenza vaccine in Korean adults: A phase IV, randomized, open-label, controlled study

Patricia Izurieta, Woo Joo Kim, Seong Heon Wie, Jacob Lee, Jin Soo Lee, Mamadou Dramé, David W. Vaughn, Anne Schuind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: AS03-adjuvanted H5N1 pandemic influenza vaccines have been assessed in an extensive clinical development program conducted in North America, Europe, and Asia including children from 6 months of age, adults, and elderly adults. We evaluated AS03-H5N1 in Korean adults 18 through 60 years of age. Methods: This Phase IV, randomized, study was conducted to assess the immunogenicity, reactogenicity, and safety of two doses (3.75. μg of hemagglutinin antigen) of A/Indonesia/5/2005 (H5N1) adjuvanted with AS03 given 21 days apart in Korean adults. Antibody responses were assessed using hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) assays against the vaccine strain and a vaccine-heterologous strain (A/Vietnam/1194/2004) 21 days after the second dose. A control group (safety) received a licensed seasonal inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV). Reactogenicity was assessed for 7 days after each vaccination, and unsolicited adverse events were assessed for 182 days following vaccination in both study groups (NCT01730378). Results: AS03-H5N1 was immunogenic and elicited robust HI antibody responses with seroconversion rates of 100% for the vaccine strain and 69.1% for the heterologous strain (. N=. 81). HI antibody responses fulfilled the European licensure criteria for immunogenicity (primary endpoint). The incidence of local and systemic solicited adverse events (reactogenicity) was higher with AS03-H5N1 than TIV. There was no apparent difference in the rate of unsolicited adverse events in the AS03-H5N1 and TIV groups. Conclusion: The results indicate that AS03-H5N1 vaccine is immunogenic with reactogenicity and safety findings that are consistent with the established profile of AS03-H5N1 vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2800-2807
Number of pages8
JournalVaccine
Volume33
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 4

Keywords

  • AS03
  • H5N1 vaccine
  • Korean adults
  • Pandemic influenza

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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