Impact analysis of natural convection on thermal conductivity measurements of nanofluids using the transient hot-wire method

Sung Wook Hong, Yong Tae Kang, Clement Kleinstreuer, Junemo Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)


Significant deviations between published results have been reported measuring the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids with the transient hot-wire method (THWM). This may be attributed to a poor selection of the temperature data range, which should meet the following conditions. The start time should be chosen after the conductive heat flux delay time, while the end time should be selected before a crossover point when natural convection becomes significant. Considering an EG-based 1.06 vol.% ZnO nanofluid, the thermal conductivity was measured to increase by 5.4% over that of the base fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3448-3456
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number15-16
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Nanofluids
  • Natural convection
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Transient hot-wire method (THWM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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