Impact analysis of natural convection on thermal conductivity measurements of nanofluids using the transient hot-wire method

Sung Wook Hong, Yong Tae Kang, Clement Kleinstreuer, Junemo Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Significant deviations between published results have been reported measuring the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids with the transient hot-wire method (THWM). This may be attributed to a poor selection of the temperature data range, which should meet the following conditions. The start time should be chosen after the conductive heat flux delay time, while the end time should be selected before a crossover point when natural convection becomes significant. Considering an EG-based 1.06 vol.% ZnO nanofluid, the thermal conductivity was measured to increase by 5.4% over that of the base fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3448-3456
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume54
Issue number15-16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Natural convection
free convection
Thermal conductivity
thermal conductivity
wire
Wire
Heat flux
heat flux
Time delay
crossovers
time lag
deviation
Fluids
fluids
Temperature
temperature

Keywords

  • Nanofluids
  • Natural convection
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Transient hot-wire method (THWM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Impact analysis of natural convection on thermal conductivity measurements of nanofluids using the transient hot-wire method. / Hong, Sung Wook; Kang, Yong Tae; Kleinstreuer, Clement; Koo, Junemo.

In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 54, No. 15-16, 01.07.2011, p. 3448-3456.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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