Impact of alcohol use on mortality in the elderly: Results from the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging

Hyun Ghang Jeong, Tae Hui Kim, Jung Jae Lee, Seok Bum Lee, Joon Hyuk Park, Yoonseok Huh, Ho Jun Chin, Jin Hyung Jhoo, Dong Young Lee, Jong Inn Woo, Ki Woong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To examine the effects of problematic drinking, amount of alcohol use and binge drinking on all-cause mortality in the elderly. Methods: We investigated 45-month all-cause mortality of 997 randomly sampled community-dwelling elderly Koreans aged 65 years or older who participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging. Problematic drinking was defined as having alcohol use disorders according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition criteria or having 8 or higher of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Light drinking was defined as drinking 7 alcoholic drinks or less, and heavy drinking as having 14 alcoholic drinks more per week during past 12 months. Binge drinking was defined as having 6 or more drinks on a single occasion at least monthly. Results: One hundred and thirteen participants (11.3%) died during the 45-month follow-up period. Heavy drinking (>14 alcoholic drinks per week) increased the all-cause mortality risk when in association with problematic drinking (hazard ratio [HR] =2.604, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.221-5.553, p=0.012) or binge drinking (HR =2.823, 95% CI =1.259-6.328, p=0.013). Light drinking (≤7 alcoholic drinks per week) was associated with decreased all-cause mortality (HR =0.114, 95% CI =0.015-0.833, p=0.032). Conclusions: Problematic drinking is associated with increased all-cause mortality in elderly Koreas, particularly when it is heavy and/or combined with binge drinking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-139
Number of pages7
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume121
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 1

Keywords

  • All-cause mortality
  • Binge drinking
  • Heavy drinking
  • Problematic drinking
  • Social drinking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Jeong, H. G., Kim, T. H., Lee, J. J., Lee, S. B., Park, J. H., Huh, Y., Chin, H. J., Jhoo, J. H., Lee, D. Y., Woo, J. I., & Kim, K. W. (2012). Impact of alcohol use on mortality in the elderly: Results from the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 121(1-2), 133-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.08.017