Impact of diabetes mellitus on 5-year clinical outcomes in patients with chronic total occlusion lesions

Ahmed Mashaly, Seung-Woon Rha, Byoung Geol Choi, Man Jong Baek, Yang Gi Ryu, Se Yeon Choi, Jae Kyeong Byun, Hu Li, Min Suk Shim, Won Young Jang, Woohyeun Kim, Jun Hyuk Kang, Eun Jin Park, Jah Yeon Choi, Jin Oh Na, Cheol Ung Choi, Hong Euy Lim, Eung Ju Kim, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog SeoDong Joo Oh

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, there are limited data on the impact of DM in patients who have chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion on long-term outcomes. Patients and methods A total of 822 CTO patients who underwent coronary angiography, treated by either percutaneous coronary intervention or optimal medical therapy, were enrolled and divided into two groups: (i) diabetic group (n=363) and (ii) nondiabetic group (n=459). Individual and composite major clinical outcomes were compared up to 5 years. Results Propensity score matching analysis was carried out generating two groups (298 pairs, n=596, C-statistic=0.655) with balanced baseline characteristics. Up to 5 years, the DM group showed a higher trend toward revascularization (19.5 vs. 13.5%, P=0.051) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (24.7 vs. 19.1%, P=0.097) compared with the nondiabetic group. However, there was no difference in the incidence of death and myocardial infarction between the two groups. Subgroup analysis showed that the chronic kidney disease (CKD) subgroup was associated with a higher incidence of all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, and MACE in comparison with diabetic patients without CKD and nondiabetic patients, respectively (total MACE: 39 vs. 20.5 vs. 19.2%, P=0.001). Insulin-dependent diabetic patients had a significantly higher incidence of MACE (hazard ratio=1.58; 95% confidence interval: 1.04-2.40; P=0.03) compared with the nondiabetic patients. Conclusion Diabetic patients with CTO were associated with a trend toward a higher incidence of revascularization and total MACE up to 5 years. Insulin-dependent and diabetic patients with CKD subgroups had a significantly higher incidence of total MACE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Keywords

  • chronic total occlusion
  • diabetes mellitus
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Mashaly, A., Rha, S-W., Choi, B. G., Baek, M. J., Ryu, Y. G., Choi, S. Y., Byun, J. K., Li, H., Shim, M. S., Jang, W. Y., Kim, W., Kang, J. H., Park, E. J., Choi, J. Y., Na, J. O., Choi, C. U., Lim, H. E., Kim, E. J., Park, C. G., ... Oh, D. J. (2018). Impact of diabetes mellitus on 5-year clinical outcomes in patients with chronic total occlusion lesions. Coronary Artery Disease, 29(2), 119-126. https://doi.org/10.1097/MCA.0000000000000562