Although dual antiplatelet therapy is essential for patients who undergo percutaneous coronary interventions, the risk of bleeding remains an unsolved problem, and there is limited information on the potential relationship between genetic variants and major bleeding. We analyzed the correlations between four major single nucleotide polymorphisms (CYP2C19, ABCB1, PON1, and P2Y12 G52T polymorphisms) and clinical outcomes in 4489 patients from a prospective multicenter registry. The primary endpoint was major bleeding, defined as a Bleeding Academic Research Consortium ≥ 3 bleeding event. The allelic frequencies of ABCB1, PON1, and both individual and combined CYP2C19 variants did not differ significantly between patient groups with and without major bleeding. However, the allelic frequency of the P2Y12 variant differed significantly between the two groups. Focusing on the P2Y12 G52T variant, patients in the TT group had a significantly higher rate of major bleeding (6.4%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08–5.84; p = 0.033) than patients in the other groups (GG [2.9%] or GT [1.9%]). Therefore, the TT variant of the P2Y12 G52T polymorphism may be an independent predictor of major bleeding. Trial registration: NCT02707445 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02707445?term=02707445&draw=2&rank=1).
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