Impact of Sea Ice Melting on Summer Air-Sea CO2 Exchange in the East Siberian Sea

Ahra Mo, Eun Jin Yang, Sung Ho Kang, Dongseon Kim, Kitack Lee, Young Ho Ko, Kitae Kim, Tae Wook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The role of sea ice melting on the air-sea CO2 flux was investigated at two ice camps in the East Siberian Sea of the Arctic Ocean. On average, sea ice samples from the two ice camps had a total alkalinity (TA) of ∼108 and ∼31 μmol kg–1 and a corresponding salinity of 1.39 and 0.36, respectively. A portion (18–23% as an average) of these sea ice TA values was estimated to exist in the sea ice with zero salinity, which indicates the excess TA was likely attributed to chemical (CaCO3 formation and dissolution) and biological processes in the sea ice. The dilution by sea ice melting could increase the oceanic CO2 uptake to 11–12 mmol m–2 d–1 over the next 21 days if the mixed layer depth and sea ice thickness were assumed to be 18.5 and 1.5 m, respectively. This role can be further enhanced by adding TA (including excess TA) from sea ice melting, but a simultaneous release of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) counteracts the effect of TA supply. In our study region, the additional impact of sea ice melting with close to unity TA:DIC ratio on air-sea CO2 exchange was not significant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number766810
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 23

Keywords

  • Arctic Ocean
  • East Siberian Sea
  • ikaite
  • sea ice melting
  • total alkalinity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Ocean Engineering

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