Background and Purpose: Cardiopulmonary coupling (CPC) analysis is an easily assessable method to evaluate sleep-disordered breathing (SDB); however, its prognostic impact in patients with acute ischemic stroke needs to be investigated. We performed a CPC analysis using Holter monitoring at the early stage of noncardioembolic ischemic stroke to investigate the prognostic effect of SDB on functional impairment at the 3-month follow-up. Methods: A total 615 patients with acute noncardioembolic ischemic stroke who underwent Holter monitoring within 30 days of stroke onset were enrolled from a multicenter, prospective, all-comer cohort. CPC analysis was conducted, and SDB was defined by the presence of narrow-band coupling during sleep time. We investigated the association between SDB and functional impairment at 3 months as measured by the modified Rankin Scale. Result: Narrow-band coupling was present in 191 (31.1%) of 615 patients (mean age 64.5±12.6 years). The narrow-band group showed a significantly higher rate of severe functional impairment (modified Rankin Scale score >2; 45.5% versus 12.9%, P<0.001) and persistent disability (Δmodified Rankin Scale score ≤0; 53.9% versus 39.8%, P<0.001) at the 3-month follow-up. In multivariate analysis, narrow-band coupling was an independent predictor of higher risk of severe and persistent functional impairment at 3 months (odds ratio, 3.98 [95% CI, 2.34-6.78]; P<0.001; and odds ratio, 1.81 [95% CI, 1.23-2.66]; P<0.001, respectively). The results remained consistent after propensity-score matched analysis with 157 patient pairs (C-statistic=0.770). Conclusions: SDB assessed by CPC analysis at the early stage of ischemic stroke could predict severe and prolonged functional impairment at 3 months. CPC analysis using Holter monitoring can help predicting functional impairment in acute ischemic stroke.
- cerebral infarction
- odds ratio
- recovery of function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing