Objective: We aimed to evaluate the additive benefit of trimetazidine with well-known antispasmodic agents such as calcium channel blockers and nitrate in patients with significant coronary artery spasm (CAS) as assessed by acetylcholine provocation test up to 5 years. Methods: A total 1727 patients with significant CAS were enrolled. They were divided into two groups: a trimetazidine group (trimetazidine, diltiazem, and nitrate, n = 695), and control group (diltiazem and nitrate, n = 473). After propensity score matching analysis, two matched groups (441 pairs, n = 882, C-statistic = 0.673) were generated. The individual and composite clinical end points [mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), revascularization, cerebrovascular accident (CVA), major adverse cardiac events (MACE), major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and recurrent angina] were assessed up to 5 years for the two groups. Results: At 5 years, there were similar incidences of individual and composite hard endpoints including mortality, MI, revascularization, CVA, MACE, MACCE, and recurrent angina in the two groups. Conclusions: Additional long-term (5-year) treatment with trimetazidine in combination with diltiazem and nitrate in patients with significant CAS was not associated with improved clinical outcomes compared with combination therapy with diltiazem and nitrate only (without trimetazidine).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pharmacology (medical)