Impact of vasomotion type on prognosis of coronary artery spasm induced by acetylcholine provocation test of left coronary artery

Eun Mi Lee, Man Ho Choi, Hong Seog Seo, Hyun Ki Kim, Nam Ho Kim, Cheol Ung Choi, Jin Won Kim, Hong Euy Lim, Eung Ju Kim, Seung-Woon Rha, Chang Gyu Park, Dong Joo Oh

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims The impact of vasomotion types on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery spasm (CAS) induced by the acetylcholine provocation test (ACH-test) remains unclear. Methods We evaluated 4644 consecutive patients with typical resting chest pain (CP), but no angiographically significant coronary artery lesion (<50% stenosis), who underwent an ACH-test. According to their vasomotor response, patients were categorized into four types: normal vasomotion (no CP, no ischemic electrocardiographic changes, and no vasoconstriction), microvascular spasm (CP with <75% vasoconstriction but with CP relief after nitroglycerin infusion), epicardial spasm (CP with ≥75% vasoconstriction), and ACH-test inconclusive (vasoconstriction and/or electrocardiographic changes, but no CP). We investigated CP recurrence requiring follow-up angiography and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) during 5 years. Results CP recurred in 7.9% of patients and was more frequent in abnormal vasomotion types (normal vasomotion, microvascular spasm, epicardial spasm, and inconclusive type: 5.4%, 9.8%, 10.9%, and 8.2%, respectively, log-rank p = 0.009). In multivariate analysis adjusted for medication use after the ACH-test, vasomotion subtype was not an independent predictor, whereas male sex, fixed lesion on baseline angiography, and medications including calcium channel blockers (CCBs), nitrates, and statins were independent positive predictors for recurrent CP. Alcohol consumption at the initial interview was a negative predictor. MACEs were observed in 1.6%, and the incidence was similar among subtypes (p = 0.421). Conclusions Recurrent CP and long-term outcomes are independent of vasomotion subtypes, but long-term use of CCBs, nitrates, and statins is a significant predictor for recurrent CP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-200
Number of pages6
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume257
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

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Keywords

  • Acetylcholine provocation test
  • Coronary artery spasm
  • Long-term clinical outcome
  • Vasomotion type

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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