Impaired neuromuscular control up to postoperative 1 year in operated and nonoperated knees after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Jin Hyuck Lee, Seung Beom Han, Jong Hoon Park, Jae Hyuk Choi, Dae Keun Suh, Ki-Mo Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The current study was performed to assess serial changes in neuromuscular control until 1 year postoperatively in nonathletic patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).Ninety-six patients were included. Serial neuromuscular control tests were performed preoperatively, at 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Neuromuscular control was evaluated using acceleration time (AT) and dynamic postural stability (overall stability index, OSI). Functional activity levels were assessed using the Tegner activity-level scale.Preoperative AT of quadriceps and hamstrings in operated knees was 78.9 ± 6.4 and 86.5 ± 6.2 ms, respectively, which significantly reduced to 56.9 ± 2.0 and 62.5 ± 2.8 ms at 1 year (P = 0.006 and 0.002, respectively). In nonoperated knees, preoperative AT of quadriceps and hamstrings was 47.6 ± 1.7 and 56.5 ± 1.7 ms, respectively, which was significantly prolonged to 54.3 ± 2.0 and 67.9 ± 2.7 ms at 1 year (P = 0.02 and 0.001, respectively). Preoperative OSI of nonoperated knees was 1.2 ± 0.0°. It significantly increased to 1.5 ± 0.1° at 1 year (P < 0.001). In operated knees, preoperative OSI was 1.8 ± 0.1°. It significantly decreased to 1.4 ± 0.1° at 1 year (P = 0.001). Tegner scale at 6 months and 1 year were significantly lower than pre-operative scale (P < 0.001). AT and OSI on both knees showed significant negative correlation with Tegner scale at 6 months and 1 year.Neuromuscular control in both knees was not restored to preoperative levels of the nonoperated knees until 1 year after ACLR. Therefore, clinicians and physical therapists should attempt to enhance neuromuscular control in both nonoperated and operated knees.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e15124
JournalMedicine
Volume98
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Knee
Physical Therapists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Impaired neuromuscular control up to postoperative 1 year in operated and nonoperated knees after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. / Lee, Jin Hyuck; Han, Seung Beom; Park, Jong Hoon; Choi, Jae Hyuk; Suh, Dae Keun; Jang, Ki-Mo.

In: Medicine, Vol. 98, No. 15, 01.04.2019, p. e15124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0c86f76cb7874038aa6211da23f51d19,
title = "Impaired neuromuscular control up to postoperative 1 year in operated and nonoperated knees after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction",
abstract = "The current study was performed to assess serial changes in neuromuscular control until 1 year postoperatively in nonathletic patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).Ninety-six patients were included. Serial neuromuscular control tests were performed preoperatively, at 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Neuromuscular control was evaluated using acceleration time (AT) and dynamic postural stability (overall stability index, OSI). Functional activity levels were assessed using the Tegner activity-level scale.Preoperative AT of quadriceps and hamstrings in operated knees was 78.9 ± 6.4 and 86.5 ± 6.2 ms, respectively, which significantly reduced to 56.9 ± 2.0 and 62.5 ± 2.8 ms at 1 year (P = 0.006 and 0.002, respectively). In nonoperated knees, preoperative AT of quadriceps and hamstrings was 47.6 ± 1.7 and 56.5 ± 1.7 ms, respectively, which was significantly prolonged to 54.3 ± 2.0 and 67.9 ± 2.7 ms at 1 year (P = 0.02 and 0.001, respectively). Preoperative OSI of nonoperated knees was 1.2 ± 0.0°. It significantly increased to 1.5 ± 0.1° at 1 year (P < 0.001). In operated knees, preoperative OSI was 1.8 ± 0.1°. It significantly decreased to 1.4 ± 0.1° at 1 year (P = 0.001). Tegner scale at 6 months and 1 year were significantly lower than pre-operative scale (P < 0.001). AT and OSI on both knees showed significant negative correlation with Tegner scale at 6 months and 1 year.Neuromuscular control in both knees was not restored to preoperative levels of the nonoperated knees until 1 year after ACLR. Therefore, clinicians and physical therapists should attempt to enhance neuromuscular control in both nonoperated and operated knees.",
author = "Lee, {Jin Hyuck} and Han, {Seung Beom} and Park, {Jong Hoon} and Choi, {Jae Hyuk} and Suh, {Dae Keun} and Ki-Mo Jang",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/MD.0000000000015124",
language = "English",
volume = "98",
pages = "e15124",
journal = "Medicine; analytical reviews of general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, and pediatries",
issn = "0025-7974",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impaired neuromuscular control up to postoperative 1 year in operated and nonoperated knees after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

AU - Lee, Jin Hyuck

AU - Han, Seung Beom

AU - Park, Jong Hoon

AU - Choi, Jae Hyuk

AU - Suh, Dae Keun

AU - Jang, Ki-Mo

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - The current study was performed to assess serial changes in neuromuscular control until 1 year postoperatively in nonathletic patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).Ninety-six patients were included. Serial neuromuscular control tests were performed preoperatively, at 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Neuromuscular control was evaluated using acceleration time (AT) and dynamic postural stability (overall stability index, OSI). Functional activity levels were assessed using the Tegner activity-level scale.Preoperative AT of quadriceps and hamstrings in operated knees was 78.9 ± 6.4 and 86.5 ± 6.2 ms, respectively, which significantly reduced to 56.9 ± 2.0 and 62.5 ± 2.8 ms at 1 year (P = 0.006 and 0.002, respectively). In nonoperated knees, preoperative AT of quadriceps and hamstrings was 47.6 ± 1.7 and 56.5 ± 1.7 ms, respectively, which was significantly prolonged to 54.3 ± 2.0 and 67.9 ± 2.7 ms at 1 year (P = 0.02 and 0.001, respectively). Preoperative OSI of nonoperated knees was 1.2 ± 0.0°. It significantly increased to 1.5 ± 0.1° at 1 year (P < 0.001). In operated knees, preoperative OSI was 1.8 ± 0.1°. It significantly decreased to 1.4 ± 0.1° at 1 year (P = 0.001). Tegner scale at 6 months and 1 year were significantly lower than pre-operative scale (P < 0.001). AT and OSI on both knees showed significant negative correlation with Tegner scale at 6 months and 1 year.Neuromuscular control in both knees was not restored to preoperative levels of the nonoperated knees until 1 year after ACLR. Therefore, clinicians and physical therapists should attempt to enhance neuromuscular control in both nonoperated and operated knees.

AB - The current study was performed to assess serial changes in neuromuscular control until 1 year postoperatively in nonathletic patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).Ninety-six patients were included. Serial neuromuscular control tests were performed preoperatively, at 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Neuromuscular control was evaluated using acceleration time (AT) and dynamic postural stability (overall stability index, OSI). Functional activity levels were assessed using the Tegner activity-level scale.Preoperative AT of quadriceps and hamstrings in operated knees was 78.9 ± 6.4 and 86.5 ± 6.2 ms, respectively, which significantly reduced to 56.9 ± 2.0 and 62.5 ± 2.8 ms at 1 year (P = 0.006 and 0.002, respectively). In nonoperated knees, preoperative AT of quadriceps and hamstrings was 47.6 ± 1.7 and 56.5 ± 1.7 ms, respectively, which was significantly prolonged to 54.3 ± 2.0 and 67.9 ± 2.7 ms at 1 year (P = 0.02 and 0.001, respectively). Preoperative OSI of nonoperated knees was 1.2 ± 0.0°. It significantly increased to 1.5 ± 0.1° at 1 year (P < 0.001). In operated knees, preoperative OSI was 1.8 ± 0.1°. It significantly decreased to 1.4 ± 0.1° at 1 year (P = 0.001). Tegner scale at 6 months and 1 year were significantly lower than pre-operative scale (P < 0.001). AT and OSI on both knees showed significant negative correlation with Tegner scale at 6 months and 1 year.Neuromuscular control in both knees was not restored to preoperative levels of the nonoperated knees until 1 year after ACLR. Therefore, clinicians and physical therapists should attempt to enhance neuromuscular control in both nonoperated and operated knees.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064853145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064853145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/MD.0000000000015124

DO - 10.1097/MD.0000000000015124

M3 - Article

VL - 98

SP - e15124

JO - Medicine; analytical reviews of general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, and pediatries

JF - Medicine; analytical reviews of general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, and pediatries

SN - 0025-7974

IS - 15

ER -