Implications of C1q/TNF-related protein-3 (CTRP-3) and progranulin in patients with acute coronary syndrome and stable angina pectoris

Kyung M. Choi, Soon Y. Hwang, Ho C. Hong, Hae Y. Choi, Hye J. Yoo, Byung Soo Youn, Sei H. Baik, Hong S. Seo

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Abstract

Background: C1q/TNF-related protein-3 (CTRP-3), an adiponectin paralog, and progranulin were recently identified as novel adipokines which may link obesity with glucose dysregulation and subclinical inflammation. We analyzed the relationship between CTRP-3, progranulin and coronary artery disease (CAD) in Korean men and women. Methods: Circulating CTRP-3 and progranulin levels were examined in 362 Korean adults with acute coronary syndrome (ACS, n = 69), stable angina pectoris (SAP, n = 85), and control subjects (n = 208) along with various kinds of cardiometabolic risk factors. Results: CTRP-3 concentrations were significantly decreased in patients with ACS or SAP compared to control subjects (P <0.001, respectively), whereas progranulin and adiponectin levels were similar. Correlation analysis adjusted for age and gender exhibited that CTRP-3 levels showed significant negative relationship with glucose (r = -0.110, P = 0.041) and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels (r = -0.159, P = 0.005), and positive relationship with HDL-cholesterol (r = 0.122, P = 0.025) and adiponectin levels (r = 0.194, P <0.001). In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio for CAD risk was 5.14 (95% CI, 1.83-14.42) in the second, and 9.04 (95% CI, 2.81-29.14) in the first tertile of CTRP-3 levels compared to third tertile after adjusting for other cardiometabolic risk variables. Conclusions: Patients with ACS or SAP had significantly lower circulating CTRP-3 concentrations compared to control subjects, although progranulin levels were not different. These results suggest the possibility that CTRP-3 might be useful for assessing the risk of CAD.Trial registration: (Clinical trials No.: NCT01594710).

Original languageEnglish
Article number14
JournalCardiovascular diabetology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 13

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Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Adipokines
  • C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein-3
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Progranulin
  • Stable angina pectoris

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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