Improved endothelial function in patients with atrial fibrillation through maintenance of sinus rhythm by successful catheter ablation

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Abstract

Effect of Ablation on Endothelial Function. Background: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for endothelial dysfunction (ED), the effect of catheter ablation (CA) on AF-associated ED has not been evaluated. The aims of this study are to determine if the degree of ED predicts the outcome of AF ablation and to evaluate whether ED can be improved through restoring sinus rhythm (SR) by successful CA. Methods: This study prospectively enrolled 80 subjects who underwent CA for AF (paroxysmal AF = 61, persistent AF = 19). Eighty subjects with no history of AF were enrolled as controls, all of whom were matched by age, gender, body mass index, and atherosclerotic risk factor distribution. Brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) was measured at baseline, and at 1 month and 6 months post CA in AF subjects who remained in SR. Among controls, FMD was measured at baseline and at 6 months. We used high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6, soluble E- or P-selectin, and endothelin-1 as biomarker indices for inflammation and/or ED. Results: Compared with controls, AF subjects had lower FMD at baseline (FMD baseline, P < 0.001). After successful CA, FMD was significantly improved at 1 month and 6 months, nearly approaching control levels. A multivariate analysis revealed that FMD baseline, hs-CRP, and left atrial volume (LAV) were independent predictors for arrhythmia recurrence after CA. Other biomarkers were not related to rhythm outcome. Conclusion: AF subjects have significantly impaired FMD, which can be reversed through maintenance of SR by successful CA. FMD baseline, hs-CRP, and LAV are important predictors for AF recurrence after CA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-382
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1

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Keywords

  • C-reactive protein
  • atrial fibrillation
  • catheter ablation
  • endothelial function
  • inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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