Improved light output power of GaN-based ultraviolet light-emitting diode using a mesh-type GaN/SiO2/Al omnidirectional reflector

Jun Youn Won, Dae Hyun Kim, Daesung Kang, Jun Suk Sung, Da Som Kim, Sun Kyung Kim, Tae Yeon Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effect of a mesh-type GaN/SiO2/Al omnidirectional reflector (ODR) on the light output power of AlGaN/InGaN-based ultraviolet (365nm) LEDs and compared their performance with that of LEDs with a GaN/ITO/Al reflector. Using the scattering matrix method, the normal incidence reflectance was calculated to be 93.7% for the GaN/SiO2 (62nm)/Al ODR and 79% for the GaN/ITO (30nm)/Al reflector. The Ag/Ni/Al/Ni (52nm/10nm/200nm/20nm) contact showed a specific contact resistance of 3.2×10-5Ωcm2 after annealing at 500°C for 1min. The forward-bias voltages at 20mA of LEDs with ODR were in the range of 3.49-3.54V, which were similar to that of LEDs with an ITO/Al reflector (3.51V). The LEDs with ODR had series resistances in the range of 14.8-12.5Ω, whereas the LED with an ITO/Al reflector showed 11.7Ω. The LEDs with ODR yielded 9.3-19.9% higher light output power at 20mA than the LED with an ITO/Al reflector. The improved light output power was attributed to the optimization of the high reflectance of the ODR (reflective area) and contact area.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

ultraviolet radiation
reflectors
Light emitting diodes
mesh
light emitting diodes
output
ITO (semiconductors)
Ultraviolet Rays
Contact resistance
Bias voltage
reflectance
S matrix theory
contact resistance
Scattering
Annealing
matrix methods
incidence
optimization
annealing
electric potential

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • GaN
  • Light extraction
  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Omnidirectional reflectors
  • SiO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Improved light output power of GaN-based ultraviolet light-emitting diode using a mesh-type GaN/SiO2/Al omnidirectional reflector. / Won, Jun Youn; Kim, Dae Hyun; Kang, Daesung; Sung, Jun Suk; Kim, Da Som; Kim, Sun Kyung; Seong, Tae Yeon.

In: Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We investigated the effect of a mesh-type GaN/SiO2/Al omnidirectional reflector (ODR) on the light output power of AlGaN/InGaN-based ultraviolet (365nm) LEDs and compared their performance with that of LEDs with a GaN/ITO/Al reflector. Using the scattering matrix method, the normal incidence reflectance was calculated to be 93.7{\%} for the GaN/SiO2 (62nm)/Al ODR and 79{\%} for the GaN/ITO (30nm)/Al reflector. The Ag/Ni/Al/Ni (52nm/10nm/200nm/20nm) contact showed a specific contact resistance of 3.2×10-5Ωcm2 after annealing at 500°C for 1min. The forward-bias voltages at 20mA of LEDs with ODR were in the range of 3.49-3.54V, which were similar to that of LEDs with an ITO/Al reflector (3.51V). The LEDs with ODR had series resistances in the range of 14.8-12.5Ω, whereas the LED with an ITO/Al reflector showed 11.7Ω. The LEDs with ODR yielded 9.3-19.9{\%} higher light output power at 20mA than the LED with an ITO/Al reflector. The improved light output power was attributed to the optimization of the high reflectance of the ODR (reflective area) and contact area.",
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AU - Won, Jun Youn

AU - Kim, Dae Hyun

AU - Kang, Daesung

AU - Sung, Jun Suk

AU - Kim, Da Som

AU - Kim, Sun Kyung

AU - Seong, Tae Yeon

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N2 - We investigated the effect of a mesh-type GaN/SiO2/Al omnidirectional reflector (ODR) on the light output power of AlGaN/InGaN-based ultraviolet (365nm) LEDs and compared their performance with that of LEDs with a GaN/ITO/Al reflector. Using the scattering matrix method, the normal incidence reflectance was calculated to be 93.7% for the GaN/SiO2 (62nm)/Al ODR and 79% for the GaN/ITO (30nm)/Al reflector. The Ag/Ni/Al/Ni (52nm/10nm/200nm/20nm) contact showed a specific contact resistance of 3.2×10-5Ωcm2 after annealing at 500°C for 1min. The forward-bias voltages at 20mA of LEDs with ODR were in the range of 3.49-3.54V, which were similar to that of LEDs with an ITO/Al reflector (3.51V). The LEDs with ODR had series resistances in the range of 14.8-12.5Ω, whereas the LED with an ITO/Al reflector showed 11.7Ω. The LEDs with ODR yielded 9.3-19.9% higher light output power at 20mA than the LED with an ITO/Al reflector. The improved light output power was attributed to the optimization of the high reflectance of the ODR (reflective area) and contact area.

AB - We investigated the effect of a mesh-type GaN/SiO2/Al omnidirectional reflector (ODR) on the light output power of AlGaN/InGaN-based ultraviolet (365nm) LEDs and compared their performance with that of LEDs with a GaN/ITO/Al reflector. Using the scattering matrix method, the normal incidence reflectance was calculated to be 93.7% for the GaN/SiO2 (62nm)/Al ODR and 79% for the GaN/ITO (30nm)/Al reflector. The Ag/Ni/Al/Ni (52nm/10nm/200nm/20nm) contact showed a specific contact resistance of 3.2×10-5Ωcm2 after annealing at 500°C for 1min. The forward-bias voltages at 20mA of LEDs with ODR were in the range of 3.49-3.54V, which were similar to that of LEDs with an ITO/Al reflector (3.51V). The LEDs with ODR had series resistances in the range of 14.8-12.5Ω, whereas the LED with an ITO/Al reflector showed 11.7Ω. The LEDs with ODR yielded 9.3-19.9% higher light output power at 20mA than the LED with an ITO/Al reflector. The improved light output power was attributed to the optimization of the high reflectance of the ODR (reflective area) and contact area.

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