Improvement of Euglena gracilis Paramylon Production through a Cocultivation Strategy with the Indole-3-Acetic Acid-Producing Bacterium Vibrio natriegens

Jee Young Kim, Jeong Joo Oh, Min Seo Jeon, Gyu Hyeok Kim, Yoon-E Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated the putative effects on the growth and paramylon production of Euglena gracilis of cocultivation with Vibrio natriegensE. gracilis heterotrophically cocultivated with V. natriegens displayed significant increases in biomass productivity and paramylon content. In addition, the effects of the bacterial inoculum density and the timing of inoculation on the growth of E. gracilis were examined, to determine the optimal conditions for cocultivation. With the optimal deployment of V. natriegens, biomass productivity and paramylon content were increased by more than 20% and 35%, respectively, compared to those in axenic E. gracilis cultures. Interestingly, indole-3-acetic acid biosynthesized by V. natriegens was responsible for these enhancements of E. gracilis The morphology of cocultured E. gracilis cells was assessed. Paramylon granules extracted from the cocultivation were significantly larger than those from axenic culture. Our study showed that screening for appropriate bacteria and subsequent cocultivation with E. gracilis represented an effective way to enhance biomass and metabolite production.IMPORTANCEEuglena gracilis has attracted special interest due to its ability to excessively accumulate paramylon. Paramylon is a linear β-1,3-glucan polysaccharide that is the principal polymer for energy storage in E. gracilis The polysaccharide features high bioactive functionality in the immune system. This study explored a new method to enhance the production of paramylon by E. gracilis, through cocultivation with the indole-3-acetic acid-producing bacterium Vibrio natriegens The enhanced production was achieved indirectly with the phytohormone-producing bacteria, instead of direct application of the hormone. The knowledge obtained in this study furthers the understanding of the effects of V. natriegens on the growth and physiology of E. gracilis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Volume85
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Vibrio natriegens
Euglena gracilis
Vibrio
Coculture Techniques
acetic acid
indole acetic acid
Bacteria
polysaccharide
bacterium
bacteria
biomass
productivity
immune system
Biomass
inoculation
hormone
physiology
metabolite
polymer
Polysaccharides

Keywords

  • cocultivation
  • Euglena gracilis
  • IAA
  • paramylon
  • Vibrio natriegens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Ecology

Cite this

Improvement of Euglena gracilis Paramylon Production through a Cocultivation Strategy with the Indole-3-Acetic Acid-Producing Bacterium Vibrio natriegens. / Kim, Jee Young; Oh, Jeong Joo; Jeon, Min Seo; Kim, Gyu Hyeok; Choi, Yoon-E.

In: Applied and environmental microbiology, Vol. 85, No. 19, 01.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We investigated the putative effects on the growth and paramylon production of Euglena gracilis of cocultivation with Vibrio natriegensE. gracilis heterotrophically cocultivated with V. natriegens displayed significant increases in biomass productivity and paramylon content. In addition, the effects of the bacterial inoculum density and the timing of inoculation on the growth of E. gracilis were examined, to determine the optimal conditions for cocultivation. With the optimal deployment of V. natriegens, biomass productivity and paramylon content were increased by more than 20{\%} and 35{\%}, respectively, compared to those in axenic E. gracilis cultures. Interestingly, indole-3-acetic acid biosynthesized by V. natriegens was responsible for these enhancements of E. gracilis The morphology of cocultured E. gracilis cells was assessed. Paramylon granules extracted from the cocultivation were significantly larger than those from axenic culture. Our study showed that screening for appropriate bacteria and subsequent cocultivation with E. gracilis represented an effective way to enhance biomass and metabolite production.IMPORTANCEEuglena gracilis has attracted special interest due to its ability to excessively accumulate paramylon. Paramylon is a linear β-1,3-glucan polysaccharide that is the principal polymer for energy storage in E. gracilis The polysaccharide features high bioactive functionality in the immune system. This study explored a new method to enhance the production of paramylon by E. gracilis, through cocultivation with the indole-3-acetic acid-producing bacterium Vibrio natriegens The enhanced production was achieved indirectly with the phytohormone-producing bacteria, instead of direct application of the hormone. The knowledge obtained in this study furthers the understanding of the effects of V. natriegens on the growth and physiology of E. gracilis.",
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