Improvement of irreversible behavior of SiO anodes for lithium ion batteries by a solid state reaction at high temperature

Jee Ho Yom, Sun Woo Hwang, Sung Man Cho, Woo Young Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


Herein, we describe a new simple method to improve the irreversible performance of a SiO anode during the initial cycle. The solid state-reacted SiO material was synthesized from bare SiO and lithium powders (three samples with weight ratios of 7:1, 8:1, and 9:1 were prepared) using a heat treatment process at 600°C. Irreversible phases such as lithium silicates (Li4SiO4 and Li2SiO3) and Li2O were formed upon the solid state reaction with SiO. Electrochemical tests using half-cells were performed to confirm the effects of the solid state-reacted SiO material. The initial Coulombic efficiencies of the three samples were 82.12% (7:1), 79.81% (8:1), and 78.95% (9:1), which were far higher than that of a bare SiO cell (58.52%). Furthermore, the electrochemical performance of a full cell using a 7:1 wt% SiO anode and a lithium cobalt oxide cathode was evaluated. The full cell exhibited an initial Coulombic efficiency of 93.62% and a capacity retention of 74.70% after 15 cycles, which were also far higher than those of a bare SiO cell (66.4% and 55.72%, respectively). A comparison of the solid state-reacted and bare SiO electrodes demonstrated that the pre-formed irreversible phases prevented the consumption of lithium ions during the 1st cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 15


  • Irreversible capacity
  • Irreversible phase
  • Lithium oxide
  • Lithium silicate
  • Lithium-ion secondary battery
  • SiO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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