Improvement of piezoelectricity of (Na, K)Nb-based lead-free piezoceramics using [001]-texturing for piezoelectric energy harvesters and actuators

Su Hwan Go, Hero Kim, Dae Su Kim, Jae Min Eum, Seok June Chae, Eun Ji Kim, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

0.96(Na0.5K0.5)(Nb0.93Sb0.07)O3−(0.04−x)BaZrO3−x(Bi0.5Ag0.5)ZrO3[NKNS−(0.04−x)BZ−xBAZ] ceramics are well textured along the [001] direction using 3.0 mol% NaNbO3 seeds. The textured-NKNS−0.02BZ−0.02BAZ thick film has a rhombohedral-orthorhombic-tetragonal (R-O-T) structure with a large proportion of the O-R structure (> 80%). This specimen exhibits the largest values for d33 (805 pC/N) and d33 ×g33 (29.5 ×10−12 m2/N), which are the largest d33 and d33 ×g33 values of NKN-based piezoceramics to date. It exhibits a large strain (0.17% at 4.0 kV/mm). Therefore, it is an outstanding piezoceramic material for piezoelectric energy harvesters (PEHs) and actuators. A PEH and actuator are fabricated using this specimen. The PEH shows a large power density (4.3 mW/cm3), which is the largest value among the PEHs produced by lead-free piezoceramics. The actuator exhibits a large acceleration (50.8 G) and displacement (3.9 mm), which are the best actuating properties among the actuators produced by lead-free piezoceramics. Therefore, texturing is an excellent technique for improving the piezoelectricity of NKN-based piezoceramics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Crystal structure
  • NKN-based piezoceramics
  • Piezoelectric actuator
  • Piezoelectric energy harvester
  • Texturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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