Improvement of the mechanical durability of micro porous layer in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell by elimination of surface cracks

Jeong Hwan Chun, Dong Hyun Jo, Sang Gon Kim, Sun Hee Park, Chang Hoon Lee, Sung Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, gas diffusion layers (GDLs) for proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) were subjected to accelerated stress tests to investigate the progression of mechanical degradation of micro porous layers (MPLs) over a short period of time, and crack-free MPL was prepared to enhance the mechanical durability of the MPL. A dummy cell was designed for the mechanical degradation of MPLs. There was no catalyst layer in the dummy cell and only air was supplied into the dummy cell to avoid electrochemical degradation of the MPL. In the MPL degradation experiments, several puddle-shape defects were formed only around the cracks in the surface of the MPL, and these defects negatively affected the performance of the PEMFC. The single cell performance dramatically decreased at a high current density due to the puddle-shape defects. Thus, crack-free MPL was manufactured to reduce mechanical damage on the surface of MPL by adding a water-soluble polymer binder to the MPL slurry. The puddle-shape defects were not detected on the surface of the home-made crack-free MPL, and the decrease in the single cell performance after mechanical degradation of MPL was insignificant when the home-made crack-free MPL was used in the cathode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Durability
Cracks
Degradation
Defects
Diffusion in gases
Binders
Cathodes
Current density
Catalysts
Polymers
Air
Water
Experiments

Keywords

  • Crack-free MPL
  • Dummy cell
  • Micro porous layer (MPL)
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Improvement of the mechanical durability of micro porous layer in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell by elimination of surface cracks. / Chun, Jeong Hwan; Jo, Dong Hyun; Kim, Sang Gon; Park, Sun Hee; Lee, Chang Hoon; Kim, Sung Hyun.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 48, 01.12.2012, p. 35-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chun, Jeong Hwan ; Jo, Dong Hyun ; Kim, Sang Gon ; Park, Sun Hee ; Lee, Chang Hoon ; Kim, Sung Hyun. / Improvement of the mechanical durability of micro porous layer in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell by elimination of surface cracks. In: Renewable Energy. 2012 ; Vol. 48. pp. 35-41.
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