The feasibility of chitosan or/and clay coatings as an alternative oxygen barrier material to poly(lactic acid) (PLA) film was investigated. The coated films were composed of natural materials based on biodegradable and biocompatible polymers, which exhibit excellent oxygen-barrier properties compared with neat PLA films. Thus, these films can contribute toward effectively reducing environmental pollution. The chitosan/clay nanocomposite solutions were effectively dispersed through the clay using an ultrasonic bath and homogenizer. The barrier and morphology properties of the PLA films were tested by measuring selected film properties such as oxygen transmission rate (OTR), water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscope. OTR values measured using the chitosan and chitosan/clay nanocomposite coatings were significantly lower than those measured for neat PLA film. WVTR values measured using chitosan/clay nanocomposite coatings were also lower than those measured for neat PLA film and PLA film coated with chitosan.
|Journal||Journal of Applied Polymer Science|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 1|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Jul 25|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry