Improving hydroxyapatite coating ability on biodegradable metal through laser-induced hydrothermal coating in liquid precursor: Application in orthopedic implants

Jaeho Park, Seung Hoon Um, Youngmin Seo, Jaehong Lee, Yu Chan Kim, Myoung Ryul Ok, Suk Won Hwang, Jeong Yun Sun, Hyung Seop Han, Hojeong Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

During the past decade, there has been extensive research toward the possibility of exploring magnesium and its alloys as biocompatible and biodegradable materials for implantable applications. Its practical medical application, however, has been limited to specific areas owing to rapid corrosion in the initial stage and the consequent complications. Surface coatings can significantly reduce the initial corrosion of Mg alloys, and several studies have been carried out to improve the adhesion strength of the coating to the surfaces of the alloys. The composition of hydroxyapatite (HAp) is very similar to that of bone tissue; it is one of the most commonly used coating materials for bone-related implants owing to favorable osseointegration post-implantation. In this study, HAp was coated on Mg using nanosecond laser coating, combining the advantages of chemical and physical treatments. Photothermal heat generated in the liquid precursor by the laser improved the adhesion of the coating through the precipitation and growth of HAp at the localized nanosecond laser focal area and increased the corrosion resistance and cell adhesion of Mg. The physical, crystallographic, and chemical bondings were analyzed to explore the mechanism through which the surface adhesion between Mg and the HAp coating layer increased. The applicability of the coating to Mg screws used for clinical devices and improvement in its corrosion property were confirmed. The liquid environment-based laser surface coating technique offers a simple and quick process that does not require any chemical ligands, and therefore, overcomes a potential obstacle in its clinical use.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBioactive Materials
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Biodegradable metal
  • HAp coating
  • Nanosecond laser
  • Photothermal synthesis
  • Soret effect (thermophoresis)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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