IEC 60034-18-41 has been developed as a standard acceptance test to ensure partial discharge (PD)-free operation for improving the reliability of low voltage (LV) variable frequency drive (VFD) motors. Although the test can verify whether PD exists in the stator for a voltage surge with predetermined magnitude and risetime, the information on where PD activity is occurring in the stator insulation is not clearly given. In this paper, a method based on variable risetime surge voltage testing is proposed for identifying the component of the stator insulation system where PD occurs in LV random wound motor stators (turn, phase, or ground insulation). This information can be used for increasing the PD inception voltage for improving the reliability of the motor through insulation system design/manufacturing. The test is implemented with a 4.5 kV variable risetime surge generator prototype. 4 LV ac motors are tested to show where PD is likely to occur in commercial LV motors.