In Defense of Class Wars in Population Health: The New Landscape of Social Class With Bourdieu, Neo-Marxists, and the Kohn/Schooler/Wright Integrative Models

Carles Muntaner, Virginia Gunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The field of social inequalities in health has been dominated by an individual attributes approach with a small number of indicators, namely occupation, income, and education. We review the weakness of this approach and detail the emergence of sociological alternatives tied to the writings of Bourdieu, Marx, and Weber. A particularly rich theoretical development stems from the integration of Weberian and Marxian approaches, associated with sociologists Melvin Kohn, Carmi Schooler, and Erik Olin Wright.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-107
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Health Services
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1



  • health equity
  • population health
  • social class
  • social inequalities in health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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