In situ heating transmission electron microscopy observation of nanoeutectic lamellar structure in sn-ag-cu alloy on au under-bump metallization

Jong Hyun Seo, Sang Won Yoon, Kyou Hyun Kim, Hye Jung Chang, Kon Bae Lee, Tae Yeon Seong, Eric Fleury, Jae Pyoung Ahn

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1 Citation (Scopus)


We investigated the microstructural evolution of Sn96.4Ag 2.8Cu0.8 solder through in situ heating transmission electron microscopy observations. As-soldered bump consisted of seven layers, containing the nanoeutectic lamella structure of AuSn and Au5Sn phases, and the polygonal grains of AuSn2 and AuSn4, on Au-plated Cu bond pads. Here, we found that there are two nanoeutectic lamellar layers with lamella spacing of 40 and 250 nm. By in situ heating above 140°C, the nanoeutectic lamella of AuSn and Au5Sn was decomposed with structural degradation by sphering and coarsening processes of the lamellar interface. At the third layer neighboring to the lamella layer, on the other hand, Au5Sn particles with a zig-zag shape in AuSn matrix became spherical and were finally dissipated in order to minimize the interface energy between two phases. In the other layers except both lamella layers, polycrystal grains of AuSn2 and AuSn4 grew by normal grain growth during in situ heating. The high interface energy of nanoeutectic lamella and polygonal nanograins, which are formed by rapid solidification, acted as a principal driving force on the microstructural change during the in situ heating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-53
Number of pages5
JournalMicroscopy and Microanalysis
Issue numberSUPPL. 5
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 1



  • STEM
  • Sn-Ag-Cu solder
  • TEM
  • UBM
  • in situ heating
  • microstructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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