In vitro and in vivo inhibitory effects of gaseous chlorine dioxide against Fusarium oxysporum f. Sp. batatas isolated from stored sweetpotato: Study II

Ye Ji Lee, Jin Ju Jeong, Hyunjung Jin, Wook Kim, Young Chull Jeun, Gyeong Dan Yu, Ki Deok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) has been widely used as an effective disinfectant to control fungal contamination during postharvest crop storage. In this study, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. batatas SP-f6 from the black rot symptom of sweetpotato was isolated and identified using phylogenetic analysis of elongation factor 1-α gene; we further examined the in vitro and in vivo inhibitory activities of ClO2 gas against the fungus. In the in vitro medium tests, fungal population was significantly inhibited upon increasing the concentration and exposure time. In in vivo tests, spore suspensions were drop-inoculated onto sweetpotato slices, followed by treatment using various ClO2 concentrations and treatment times to assess fungus-induced disease development in the slices. Lesion diameters decreased at the tested ClO2 concentrations over time. When sweetpotato roots were dip-inoculated in spore suspensions prior to treatment with 20 and 40 ppm of ClO2 for 0-60 min, fungal populations significantly decreased at the tested concentrations for 30-60 min. Taken together, these re-sults showed that ClO2 gas can effectively inhibit fungal growth and disease development caused by F. oxysporum f. sp. batatas on sweetpotato. Therefore, ClO2 gas may be used as a sanitizer to control this fungus during postharvest storage of sweetpotato.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-444
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Pathology Journal
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Batatas
  • Chlorine dioxide
  • Elongation factor 1-α gene
  • Fusarium oxysporum f.sp
  • Fusarium wilt
  • Sweetpotato

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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