In vitro assessment of the gastrointestinal tolerance and immunomodulatory function of Bacillus methylotrophicus isolated from a traditional Korean fermented soybean food

I. Sim, J. H. Koh, D. J. Kim, S. H. Gu, A. Park, Young Hee Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: This study aimed to investigate the potential of Bacillus methylotrophicus as a probiotic. Methods and Results: A Bacillus isolate designated strain C14 was isolated from Korean traditional fermented soybean paste (doenjang). The strain was identified, and its physiological and biochemical properties were characterized. The gastrointestinal tolerance and immunomodulatory function of strain C14 were also investigated. Strain C14 was identified as B. methylotrophicus by analysis of its biochemical properties using the API 50CHB system and by phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rDNA sequence. Strain C14 showed >80% and >75% of survival for artificial gastric juices (pH 2·5 and 1% pepsin) and 0·5% (w/v) bile salt, respectively. Heat-killed B. methylotrophicus C14 inhibited the adhesion of various pathogens and enhanced the adhesion of probiotic bacteria to Caco-2 cells. The heat-killed cells also induced high levels of immune cell proliferation compared with the control and stimulated interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor-α production in mouse macrophages. Conclusions: Bacillus methylotrophicus C14 could be used as a probiotic. Significance and Impact of the Study: Recently identified B. methylotrophicus is a new potential probiotic with high gastrointestinal tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-726
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1



  • Bacillus methylotrophicus
  • Acid tolerance
  • Bile tolerance
  • Cytokines
  • Immunomodulatory activity
  • Probiotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology

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