In vitro evaluation of Pt-coated electrospun nanofibers for endovascular coil embolization

Min Woo Kim, Seongpil An, Hyunjun Seok, Hyunchul Jung, Dong Hyuk Park, Alexander L. Yarin, Sam S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, endovascular coil embolization has been introduced to treat intracranial aneurysms because it has lower morbidity and mortality than surgical clipping. The endovascular coils prevent the extravasation of blood by decreasing the permeability of an aneurysm flow governed by Darcy's law. Here, we developed and explored Pt-coated micro-ropes for potential use as endovascular coils. Electrospinning with subsequent electroplating were employed to fabricate Pt-coated nanofibers, which were tightly twisted to form micro-ropes. The compatibility of Pt micro-ropes with commercial delivery catheters was verified and their performance was experimentally explored in an in vitro experimental model. The developed Pt-coated micro-ropes demonstrated feasibility as efficient and low-cost endovascular coils. Statement of Significance: The use of Platinum (Pt)-coated polymer nanofibers to prevent blood extravasation has been demonstrated. These Pt nanofibers were installed within a microfluidic channel, and the resulting reduced permeability was evaluated using a fluid similar to blood. Based on the obtained results, these newly developed nanofibers are expected to decrease the operation cost for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), owing their reduced size and low material cost. Overall, the use of this new material should reduce the operational risk associated with the multiple steps required to place the Pt coils at the SAH site. The compatibility of Pt micro-ropes with commercial delivery catheters was verified and their performance was experimentally explored in an in vitro experimental model. The developed Pt-coated micro-ropes demonstrated feasibility as efficient and low-cost endovascular coils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-292
Number of pages8
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Electrospinning
  • Endovascular coil embolization
  • Permeability
  • Platinum nanofiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

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