Inclusive charm production in Υ(nS) decay

Daekyoung Kang, Taewon Kim, Jungil Lee, Chaehyun Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Based on the nonrelativistic QCD (NRQCD) factorization formalism, we calculate the inclusive charm production rate in Υ(nS) decay at leading order in the strong coupling constant αs and the relative velocity v of the b quark in the quarkonium rest frame. The branching fractions for Υ(nS) to charm for n=1, 2, and 3 are all around 7%-9%. About 60% of the branching fraction into charm is from annihilation of the color-singlet bb̄ pair into γ*→cc̄. Most of the remaining branching fraction is from annihilation of the color-singlet bb̄ pair decaying into cc̄gg. We also compute the momentum distributions of the charm quark and charmed hadrons in the decays. The virtual-photon contribution to the charm-quark momentum distribution is concentrated at the end point while the cc̄gg contribution is broad. The momentum distributions for charmed hadrons are obtained by convolving the charm-quark momentum distribution with charm fragmentation functions. This makes the momentum distributions for charmed hadrons softer than that for the charm quark. This effect is particularly significant in the virtual-photon contribution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114018
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume76
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 27

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Quarks
Momentum
Decay
decay
Branching
quarks
momentum
Annihilation
hadrons
Photon
End point
Strong Coupling
Fragmentation
Factorization
color
photons
Calculate
factorization
fragmentation
quantum chromodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Inclusive charm production in Υ(nS) decay. / Kang, Daekyoung; Kim, Taewon; Lee, Jungil; Yu, Chaehyun.

In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 76, No. 11, 114018, 27.12.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Based on the nonrelativistic QCD (NRQCD) factorization formalism, we calculate the inclusive charm production rate in Υ(nS) decay at leading order in the strong coupling constant αs and the relative velocity v of the b quark in the quarkonium rest frame. The branching fractions for Υ(nS) to charm for n=1, 2, and 3 are all around 7%-9%. About 60% of the branching fraction into charm is from annihilation of the color-singlet bb̄ pair into γ*→cc̄. Most of the remaining branching fraction is from annihilation of the color-singlet bb̄ pair decaying into cc̄gg. We also compute the momentum distributions of the charm quark and charmed hadrons in the decays. The virtual-photon contribution to the charm-quark momentum distribution is concentrated at the end point while the cc̄gg contribution is broad. The momentum distributions for charmed hadrons are obtained by convolving the charm-quark momentum distribution with charm fragmentation functions. This makes the momentum distributions for charmed hadrons softer than that for the charm quark. This effect is particularly significant in the virtual-photon contribution.

AB - Based on the nonrelativistic QCD (NRQCD) factorization formalism, we calculate the inclusive charm production rate in Υ(nS) decay at leading order in the strong coupling constant αs and the relative velocity v of the b quark in the quarkonium rest frame. The branching fractions for Υ(nS) to charm for n=1, 2, and 3 are all around 7%-9%. About 60% of the branching fraction into charm is from annihilation of the color-singlet bb̄ pair into γ*→cc̄. Most of the remaining branching fraction is from annihilation of the color-singlet bb̄ pair decaying into cc̄gg. We also compute the momentum distributions of the charm quark and charmed hadrons in the decays. The virtual-photon contribution to the charm-quark momentum distribution is concentrated at the end point while the cc̄gg contribution is broad. The momentum distributions for charmed hadrons are obtained by convolving the charm-quark momentum distribution with charm fragmentation functions. This makes the momentum distributions for charmed hadrons softer than that for the charm quark. This effect is particularly significant in the virtual-photon contribution.

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