Background: Intelectin-1 is a new type of Ca2+-dependant soluble lectin in humans that has affinity for galactofuranose in carbohydrate chains of bacterial cell walls, indicating that intelectin-1 may play a role in immune defense against bacteria. The purpose of the current study was to determine the expression of intelectin-1 mRNA and protein and to localize intelectin-1 protein in nasal polyps and tissues from control subjects. Methods: Normal sphenoid sinus mucosa was obtained from 10 patients undergoing surgery for pituitary tumor. Nasal polyp samples were obtained from 10 patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic polypoid rhinosinusitis. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed for intelectin-1 mRNA. Immunofluorescent staining was done for localization of intelectin-1 and quantitatively analyzed using computer-based image analysis. Western blot analysis was performed. Results: Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis showed that intelectin-1 expression in nasal polyps was increased compared with normal sinus mucosa. Using immunofluorescent staining, intelectin-1 was strongly stained in epithelium and submucosa of nasal polyps, and faint staining was found in normal sinus mucosa. Conclusions: Intelectin-1 is expressed in human sinus mucosa and is increased in patients with nasal polyps. These results suggest a possible contribution for intelectin-1 in the pathophysiology of nasal polyps.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy