Increased valinomycin production in mutants of Streptomyces sp. M10 defective in bafilomycin biosynthesis and branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex expression

Dong Wan Lee, Bee Gek Ng, Beom Seok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Streptomyces sp. M10 is a valinomycin-producing bacterial strain that shows potent bioactivity against Botrytis blight of cucumber plants. During studies to increase the yield of valinomycin (a cyclododecadepsipeptide) in strain M10, additional antifungal metabolites, including bafilomycin derivatives (macrolide antibiotics), were identified. To examine the effect of bafilomycin biosynthesis on valinomycin production, the bafilomycin biosynthetic gene cluster was cloned from the genome of strain M10, as were two branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCDH) gene clusters related to precursor supply for bafilomycin biosynthesis. A null mutant (M10bafm) of one bafilomycin biosynthetic gene (bafV) failed to produce bafilomycin, but resulted in a 1.2- to 1.5-fold increase in the amount of valinomycin produced. In another null mutant (M10bkdFm) of a gene encoding a subunit of the BCDH complex (bkdF), bafilomycin production was completely abolished and valinomycin production increased fourfold relative to that in the wild-type M10 strain. The higher valinomycin yield was likely the result of redistribution of the metabolic flux from bafilomycin to valinomycin biosynthesis, because the two antibiotics share a common precursor, 2-ketoisovaleric acid, a deamination product of valine. The results show that directing precursor flux toward active ingredient biosynthesis could be used as a prospective tool to increase the competence of biofungicides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1507-1517
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume42
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 3

Keywords

  • Antifungal metabolite
  • Bafilomycin biofungicide
  • Biosynthetic gene cluster
  • Branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase
  • Streptomyces
  • Valinomycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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