Increasing sulfur utilization in lithium-sulfur batteries by a Co-MOF-74@MWCNT interlayer

Si Hyeon Sung, Byung Hyuk Kim, Seung Taek Lee, Sanghyeon Choi, Woo Young Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To improve lithium-sulfur battery performance, Co-MOF-74 has been applied for the first time as an interlayer with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Co-MOF-74@MWCNT was synthesized using a solvothermal method. The fabrication of Co-MOF-74@MWCNT was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller testing. The interlayer was fabricated using a filtration method. Assembled batteries were prepared using a Co-MOF-74@MWCNT interlayer and an MWCNT interlayer and subsequently investigated via cyclic voltammetry tests. Co-MOF-74 promotes a redox reaction and shows a small peak at 1.85 V. A symmetric and full cell test revealed that the Co-MOF-74@MWCNT cell enables a faster redox reaction and higher capacity than that of the MWCNT cell. After 15 cycles, the Co-MOF-74@MWCNT cell achieved a value of 1112 mAh g−1, which is 26% greater than that of the MWCNT cell (880 mAh g−1) at 0.2C. Voltage profile testing showed that the reason for the higher capacity of the Co-MOF-74@MWCNT cell is that it promotes the conversion of Li2S2 to Li2S. Various electrochemical analyses confirmed that the Co-MOF-74@MWCNT interlayer acts not only as a physical and chemical barrier but also promotes the transformation of Li2S2 to Li2S.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-193
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Energy Chemistry
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

Keywords

  • Co-MOF-74
  • Interlayer
  • Li-S battery
  • Shuttling effect
  • Sulfur utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Electrochemistry

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