Individualized feedback-based virtual reality exercise improves older women's self-perceived health: A randomized controlled trial

Minyoung Lee, Jaebum Son, Jungjin Kim, Bum-Chul Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Individualized feedback-based virtual reality (IFVR) exercise is gaining attention as a cost-effective self-management strategy, however little is known about whether older adults themselves perceive IFVR exercise effective in improving their health. Therefore, we studied the effect of IFVR exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older women. Methods: Fifty-four older women aged ≥65 years were randomized to either IFVR exercise group (IFVRG, n= 26) or group-based exercise group (GG, n= 28). Both groups received a 60-min intervention three times a week for eight weeks. The Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) was administered. To identify the possible placebo effect, 30-Second Chair Stand Test (30SCST), 8-Foot Up-and-Go Test (8FUGT), and 2-Minute Step Test (2MST) were also administered. Results: intention-to-treat analysis with adjustment for baseline levels revealed that IFVRG showed greater improvement in mental health (p= 0.029) and lower body strength (p= 0.042), compared to GG. Within-group analysis for HRQoL revealed that IFVRG showed an increase in role-physical (p= 0.015), bodily pain (p= 0.017), general health (p= 0.004), vitality (p= 0.010), role-emotional (p= 0.007), and mental health (p<0.001), whereas GG showed an increase in role-physical (p= 0.022), general health (p= 0.023), and social functioning (p = 0.023). Both groups showed an increase in 30SCST, 2MST and 8FUGT (all p<0.001). Conclusion: IFVR exercise improved HRQoL in older women, in addition to improving physical fitness. Therefore, it might be recommended to older women as an effective self-management strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-160
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1

Fingerprint

virtual reality
Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Health
health
Quality of Life
quality of life
Self Care
Group
Exercise Test
Mental Health
mental health
Placebo Effect
Intention to Treat Analysis
Physical Fitness
Health Surveys
fitness
management
pain
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • Mental health
  • Older adult
  • Physical fitness
  • Quality of life
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Ageing
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Individualized feedback-based virtual reality exercise improves older women's self-perceived health : A randomized controlled trial. / Lee, Minyoung; Son, Jaebum; Kim, Jungjin; Yoon, Bum-Chul.

In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 61, No. 2, 01.09.2015, p. 154-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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