Inertia tensor of a triangle in barycentric coordinates

U. Rae Kim, Dong Won Jung, Chaehyun Yu, Wooyong Han, Jungil Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We employ the barycentric coordinate system to evaluate the inertia tensor of an arbitrary triangular plate of uniform mass distribution. We find that the physical quantities involving the computation are expressed in terms of a single master integral over barycentric coordinates. To expedite the computation in the barycentric coordinates, we employ Lagrange undetermined multipliers. The moment of inertia is expressed in terms of mass, barycentric coordinates of the pivot, and side lengths. The expression is unique and the most compact in comparison with popular expressions that are commonly used in the field of mechanical engineering. A master integral that is necessary to compute the integral over the triangle in the barycentric coordinate system and derivations of the barycentric coordinates of common triangle centers are provided in appendices. We expect that the barycentric coordinates are particularly efficient in computing physical quantities like the electrostatic potential of a triangular charge distribution. We also illustrate a practical experimental design that can be immediately applied to general-physics experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-599
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Volume79
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Keywords

  • Barycentric Coordinates
  • Classical Mechanics
  • Inertia Tensor
  • Lagrange Multipliers
  • Triangle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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