Inflammation by activated macrophage-like THP-1 cells increases human dura mater cell adhesion with alteration of integrin α2β1 and matrix metalloproteinase

Kyuha Chong, Woo Keun Kwon, Joo-Han Kim, Youn-Kwan Park, Wonki Yoon, Jong Hyun Kim, Taek-Hyun Kwon, Hong Joo Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study was designed to investigate (i) extracellular matrix to specify adhesive substrates to human dura mater cell (hDMC); (ii) the alteration on adhesion-related molecules in hDMC; and (iii) secreted matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) linked with extracellular matrix remodeling after exposure to inflammation. The hDMC was cultured from human dura mater tissue, and the studies were performed with hDMC after co-culturing with macrophage like THP-1 cells (Mϕ). The adhesion of co-cultured hDMC through collagen I increased 6.4-fold and through collagen IV increased 5.0-fold compared with the adhesion of naïve cells (p < 0.001). Integrin subtype α2β1 expression was increased 6.3-fold (p < 0.001) and α1 expression was decreased 2.0-fold (p < 0.001) in the co-cultured cells compared with the naïve cells. Co-culturing induced significant increases in MMP-1 (13.9-fold, p < 0.01), MMP-3 (7.6-fold, p < 0.01), and VEGF (VEGF: 3.8-fold, p < 0.05) expression and decreases in MMP-9 (0.1-fold, p < 0.01) compared with the sum of naïve hDMC and Mϕ values. Increased hDMC adhesion under inflammatory conditions is caused by an increased cellular affinity for collagen I and IV mediated by increased hDMC levels of integrin subtype α2β1 and environmental MMP-1, -3 and decreased MMP-9. Selective integrin subtype α2β1 inhibition assay showed 37.8% and 35.7% reduction in adhesion of co-cultured hDMC to collagen I (p < 0.001) and IV (p = 0.057), respectively. The present study provides insight into the pathological conditions related to dura mater adhesion in inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1


  • cell adhesion
  • dura mater
  • extracellular matrix
  • inflammation
  • integrin
  • matrix metalloproteinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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