Influence of Biogenic Organics on the Chemical Composition of Arctic Aerosols

J. H. Choi, E. Jang, Y. J. Yoon, J. Y. Park, T. W. Kim, S. Becagli, L. Caiazzo, D. Cappelletti, R. Krejci, K. Eleftheriadis, K. T. Park, K. S. Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We use an ultrahigh-resolution 15-T Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer to elucidate the compositional changes in Arctic organic aerosols collected at Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, in May 2015. The Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer analysis of airborne organic matter provided information on the molecular compositions of aerosol particles collected during the Arctic spring period. The air mass transport history, combined with satellite-derived geographical information and chlorophyll concentration data, revealed that the molecular compositions of organic aerosols drastically differed depending on the origin of the potential source region. The protein and lignin compound populations contributed more than 70% of the total intensity of assigned molecules when the air masses mainly passed over the ocean region. Interestingly, the intensity of microbe-derived organics (protein and carbohydrate compounds) was positively correlated with the air mass exposure to phytoplankton biomass proxied as chlorophyll. Furthermore, the intensities of lignin and unsaturated hydrocarbon compounds, typically derived from terrestrial vegetation, increased with an increase in the advection time of the air mass over the ocean domain. These results suggest that the accumulation of dissolved biogenic organics in the Arctic Ocean possibly derived from both phytoplankton and terrestrial vegetation could significantly influence the chemical properties of Arctic organic aerosols during a productive spring period. The interpretation of molecular changes in organic aerosols using an ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometer could provide deep insight for understanding organic aerosols in the atmosphere over the Arctic and the relationship of organic aerosols with biogeochemical processes in terms of aerosol formation and environmental changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1238-1250
Number of pages13
JournalGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Aerosols
chemical composition
aerosol
air mass
Chemical analysis
Mass spectrometers
spectrometer
Cyclotron resonance
Phytoplankton
Lignin
Chlorophyll
Fourier transform
lignin
Air
chlorophyll
phytoplankton
Fourier transforms
Ions
protein
aerosol formation

Keywords

  • air mass back trajectory
  • arctic organic aerosols
  • biological exposure
  • FT-ICR MS
  • transport history

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Choi, J. H., Jang, E., Yoon, Y. J., Park, J. Y., Kim, T. W., Becagli, S., ... Jang, K. S. (2019). Influence of Biogenic Organics on the Chemical Composition of Arctic Aerosols. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 33(10), 1238-1250. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GB006226

Influence of Biogenic Organics on the Chemical Composition of Arctic Aerosols. / Choi, J. H.; Jang, E.; Yoon, Y. J.; Park, J. Y.; Kim, T. W.; Becagli, S.; Caiazzo, L.; Cappelletti, D.; Krejci, R.; Eleftheriadis, K.; Park, K. T.; Jang, K. S.

In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 33, No. 10, 01.10.2019, p. 1238-1250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choi, JH, Jang, E, Yoon, YJ, Park, JY, Kim, TW, Becagli, S, Caiazzo, L, Cappelletti, D, Krejci, R, Eleftheriadis, K, Park, KT & Jang, KS 2019, 'Influence of Biogenic Organics on the Chemical Composition of Arctic Aerosols', Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1238-1250. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GB006226
Choi, J. H. ; Jang, E. ; Yoon, Y. J. ; Park, J. Y. ; Kim, T. W. ; Becagli, S. ; Caiazzo, L. ; Cappelletti, D. ; Krejci, R. ; Eleftheriadis, K. ; Park, K. T. ; Jang, K. S. / Influence of Biogenic Organics on the Chemical Composition of Arctic Aerosols. In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2019 ; Vol. 33, No. 10. pp. 1238-1250.
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