Influence of cation substitution on the phase formation kinetics of Sr0.7Bi2.3Ta2O9 thin films

Woo Chul Kwak, Yun Mo Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The Ta5+ ions in sol-gel derived Sr0.7Bi23Ta2O9(SBT) thin films were partially substituted by Zr4+ to form Sr0.7Bi2.3Ta1.7Zr0.3 09 (SBTZ) thin films and Aurivillius phase formation characteristics were compared for each thin film. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were performed on the thin films heated in the range of 730-760 °C at 10 °C intervals and it was found that phase formation and crystal growth were greatly affected by the film composition and crystallization temperature. Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) isothermal kinetic analyses were performed on the XRD results and activation energy and Avrami exponent values were determined for the fluorite-to-Aurivillus phase transformation. A reduction of ∼82 kJ/mol in activation energy was observed for the SBTZ thin films, which revealing the key reason of enhanced kinetics in SBTZ. XRD and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed the remaining of fluorite phase in SBT and the formation of a secondary phase in SBTZ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1603-1606
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Films
  • Kinetics
  • Perovskite
  • Sol-gel process
  • X-ray methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of cation substitution on the phase formation kinetics of Sr0.7Bi2.3Ta2O9 thin films'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this