Influence of dissolved ions on determination of oxygen isotope composition of aqueous solutions using the CO2-H2O equilibration method

Sang Tae Kim, Seong Sook Park, Seong Taek Yun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

RATIONALE Stable isotope compositions of natural waters, such as seawater, glaciers and basinal brines, can provide valuable information about Earth's hydrological cycle and its evolutionary history. However, a high concentration of dissolved ions in some natural waters hinders an accurate analysis of their oxygen isotope composition. A laboratory study was carried out in order to provide guidelines on how to resolve this analytical difficulty. METHODS CO 2 gas was equilibrated with saline aqueous solutions of various chemical compositions at 25 °C. Subsequently, the oxygen isotope composition of the CO2 was determined at different equilibration times using a dual-inlet isotope ratio mass spectrometer in order to evaluate the oxygen isotope salt effect and the rate of oxygen isotope exchange between CO 2 and the saline solution. RESULTS Using the experimentally determined oxygen isotope salt effects of aqueous chloride and sulfate solutions, an empirical method for the prediction of the oxygen isotope salt effect of a 1.0 molal chloride or sulfate solution was proposed. The rates of oxygen isotope exchange between CO2 and saline solutions were also examined. Our experimental data indicates that the sequence of the oxygen isotope exchange time is as: MgSO4 > CaCl2 ≈ Na 2SO4 > NaCl > MgCl2 > KCl > H 2O. CONCLUSIONS The isotope salt effect and the kinetics of isotope exchange must be taken into account when the oxygen isotope composition of a saline aqueous solution is determined using the CO2-H2O equilibration method. Our experimental data and the proposed prediction method provide essential guidelines for the accurate δ18O analysis of saline aqueous solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2083-2092
Number of pages10
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Volume26
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep 15

Fingerprint

Oxygen Isotopes
Ions
Sodium Chloride
Chemical analysis
Isotopes
Salts
Carbon Monoxide
Sulfates
Chlorides
Guidelines
Ice Cover
Glaciers
Brines
Magnesium Chloride
Water
Seawater
Mass spectrometers
Ion exchange
Gases
History

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Influence of dissolved ions on determination of oxygen isotope composition of aqueous solutions using the CO2-H2O equilibration method. / Kim, Sang Tae; Park, Seong Sook; Yun, Seong Taek.

In: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, Vol. 26, No. 17, 15.09.2012, p. 2083-2092.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{18393e66788d4ae988c8f749791a0637,
title = "Influence of dissolved ions on determination of oxygen isotope composition of aqueous solutions using the CO2-H2O equilibration method",
abstract = "RATIONALE Stable isotope compositions of natural waters, such as seawater, glaciers and basinal brines, can provide valuable information about Earth's hydrological cycle and its evolutionary history. However, a high concentration of dissolved ions in some natural waters hinders an accurate analysis of their oxygen isotope composition. A laboratory study was carried out in order to provide guidelines on how to resolve this analytical difficulty. METHODS CO 2 gas was equilibrated with saline aqueous solutions of various chemical compositions at 25 °C. Subsequently, the oxygen isotope composition of the CO2 was determined at different equilibration times using a dual-inlet isotope ratio mass spectrometer in order to evaluate the oxygen isotope salt effect and the rate of oxygen isotope exchange between CO 2 and the saline solution. RESULTS Using the experimentally determined oxygen isotope salt effects of aqueous chloride and sulfate solutions, an empirical method for the prediction of the oxygen isotope salt effect of a 1.0 molal chloride or sulfate solution was proposed. The rates of oxygen isotope exchange between CO2 and saline solutions were also examined. Our experimental data indicates that the sequence of the oxygen isotope exchange time is as: MgSO4 > CaCl2 ≈ Na 2SO4 > NaCl > MgCl2 > KCl > H 2O. CONCLUSIONS The isotope salt effect and the kinetics of isotope exchange must be taken into account when the oxygen isotope composition of a saline aqueous solution is determined using the CO2-H2O equilibration method. Our experimental data and the proposed prediction method provide essential guidelines for the accurate δ18O analysis of saline aqueous solutions.",
author = "Kim, {Sang Tae} and Park, {Seong Sook} and Yun, {Seong Taek}",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1002/rcm.6323",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "2083--2092",
journal = "Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry",
issn = "0951-4198",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "17",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of dissolved ions on determination of oxygen isotope composition of aqueous solutions using the CO2-H2O equilibration method

AU - Kim, Sang Tae

AU - Park, Seong Sook

AU - Yun, Seong Taek

PY - 2012/9/15

Y1 - 2012/9/15

N2 - RATIONALE Stable isotope compositions of natural waters, such as seawater, glaciers and basinal brines, can provide valuable information about Earth's hydrological cycle and its evolutionary history. However, a high concentration of dissolved ions in some natural waters hinders an accurate analysis of their oxygen isotope composition. A laboratory study was carried out in order to provide guidelines on how to resolve this analytical difficulty. METHODS CO 2 gas was equilibrated with saline aqueous solutions of various chemical compositions at 25 °C. Subsequently, the oxygen isotope composition of the CO2 was determined at different equilibration times using a dual-inlet isotope ratio mass spectrometer in order to evaluate the oxygen isotope salt effect and the rate of oxygen isotope exchange between CO 2 and the saline solution. RESULTS Using the experimentally determined oxygen isotope salt effects of aqueous chloride and sulfate solutions, an empirical method for the prediction of the oxygen isotope salt effect of a 1.0 molal chloride or sulfate solution was proposed. The rates of oxygen isotope exchange between CO2 and saline solutions were also examined. Our experimental data indicates that the sequence of the oxygen isotope exchange time is as: MgSO4 > CaCl2 ≈ Na 2SO4 > NaCl > MgCl2 > KCl > H 2O. CONCLUSIONS The isotope salt effect and the kinetics of isotope exchange must be taken into account when the oxygen isotope composition of a saline aqueous solution is determined using the CO2-H2O equilibration method. Our experimental data and the proposed prediction method provide essential guidelines for the accurate δ18O analysis of saline aqueous solutions.

AB - RATIONALE Stable isotope compositions of natural waters, such as seawater, glaciers and basinal brines, can provide valuable information about Earth's hydrological cycle and its evolutionary history. However, a high concentration of dissolved ions in some natural waters hinders an accurate analysis of their oxygen isotope composition. A laboratory study was carried out in order to provide guidelines on how to resolve this analytical difficulty. METHODS CO 2 gas was equilibrated with saline aqueous solutions of various chemical compositions at 25 °C. Subsequently, the oxygen isotope composition of the CO2 was determined at different equilibration times using a dual-inlet isotope ratio mass spectrometer in order to evaluate the oxygen isotope salt effect and the rate of oxygen isotope exchange between CO 2 and the saline solution. RESULTS Using the experimentally determined oxygen isotope salt effects of aqueous chloride and sulfate solutions, an empirical method for the prediction of the oxygen isotope salt effect of a 1.0 molal chloride or sulfate solution was proposed. The rates of oxygen isotope exchange between CO2 and saline solutions were also examined. Our experimental data indicates that the sequence of the oxygen isotope exchange time is as: MgSO4 > CaCl2 ≈ Na 2SO4 > NaCl > MgCl2 > KCl > H 2O. CONCLUSIONS The isotope salt effect and the kinetics of isotope exchange must be taken into account when the oxygen isotope composition of a saline aqueous solution is determined using the CO2-H2O equilibration method. Our experimental data and the proposed prediction method provide essential guidelines for the accurate δ18O analysis of saline aqueous solutions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84864754552&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84864754552&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/rcm.6323

DO - 10.1002/rcm.6323

M3 - Article

C2 - 22847709

AN - SCOPUS:84864754552

VL - 26

SP - 2083

EP - 2092

JO - Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

JF - Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

SN - 0951-4198

IS - 17

ER -