Influence of full-time intensivist and the nurse-to-patient ratio on the implementation of severe sepsis bundles in Korean intensive care units

Je Hyeong Kim, Suk Kyung Hong, Kyung Chan Kim, Myung Goo Lee, Ki Man Lee, Sung Soo Jung, Hye Sook Choi, Jin Hwa Lee, Ki Suk Jung, Sung Soon Lee, Jae Hwa Cho, Shin Ok Koh, Moo Suk Park, Kwang Won Seo, Younsuck Koh

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The reported actual compliance for severe sepsis bundles was very low, suggesting the presence of barriers to their implementation. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of full-time intensivist and nurse-to-patient ratio in Korean intensive care units (ICUs) on the implementation of the severe sepsis bundles and clinical outcome. Materials and Methods: A total of 251 patients with severe sepsis were enrolled from 28 adult ICUs during the July, 2009. We recorded the organizational characteristics of ICUs, patients' characteristics and clinical outcomes, and the compliance for severe sepsis bundles. Results: Complete compliance with the resuscitation bundle and totally complete compliance with all element targets for resuscitation and management bundles were significantly higher in the ICU with full-time intensivist and a nurse-to-patient ratio of 1:2 (P < .05). The hazard ratio (HR) for hospital mortality was independently reduced by the presence of full-time intensivist (HR, 0.456; 95% confidence interval, 0.223-0.932), and a nurse-to-patient ratio of 1:2 was independently associated with a lower 28-day mortality (HR, 0.459; 95% confidence interval, 0.211-0.998). Conclusions: The full-time intensivist and the nurse-to-patient ratio had a substantial influence on the implementation of severe sepsis bundles and the mortalities of patients with severe sepsis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414.e11-414.e21
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

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Keywords

  • Compliance
  • Critical care personnel
  • Intensive care units
  • Sepsis
  • Sepsis management bundle
  • Sepsis resuscitation bundle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Kim, J. H., Hong, S. K., Kim, K. C., Lee, M. G., Lee, K. M., Jung, S. S., Choi, H. S., Lee, J. H., Jung, K. S., Lee, S. S., Cho, J. H., Koh, S. O., Park, M. S., Seo, K. W., & Koh, Y. (2012). Influence of full-time intensivist and the nurse-to-patient ratio on the implementation of severe sepsis bundles in Korean intensive care units. Journal of Critical Care, 27(4), 414.e11-414.e21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2012.03.010