Influence of immobilization of bacterial cells and TiO2 on phenol degradation

Mee Ree Park, Dong Ju Kim, Jae Woo Choi, Dae Soon Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the influence of immobilization of bacterial cells and photocatalytic material TiO2 on the degradation of phenol by conducting batch microcosm studies consisting of suspended, immobilized cells and immobilized TiO2 at various initial phenol concentrations (50-1,000 mg L-1). Results showed that both suspended and immobilized cells were concentration-dependent, exhibiting the increasing degradation rate with the concentration of up to 500 mg L-1 above which it declined. The degradation rate of 0.39-3.47 mg L-1 h-1 by suspended cells was comparable with those of the literature. Comparison of the degradation rates between suspended, immobilized cells and immobilized TiO2 revealed that immobilized cells achieved the highest degradation rate followed by immobilized TiO2 and suspended cells due to the toxicity of phenol at the high concentration of 1,000 mg L-1. This indicates that immobilization of bacterial cells or photocatalytic materials can serve a better alternative to offer the higher degradation efficiency at high phenol concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1473
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar


  • Immobilized cells
  • Phenol degradation
  • Suspended cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution


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