Influence of Mg O Sputtering Power and Post annealing on Strength and Angular Dependence of Spin-Orbit Torques in Pt/Co/Mg O Trilayers

Hyung Keun Gweon, Kyoung Jin Lee, Sang Ho Lim

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The strength and angular dependence of the spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in Pt/Co/MgO trilayers are obtained by analyzing harmonic Hall voltage measurement results. The detailed analytical equations that consider both the isotropic and angle-dependent torques are derived and then used to characterize the angular dependence of the SOTs. The results show that both the dampinglike and fieldlike torques are strongly dependent on the polar angle of the magnetization and furthermore, the angle-dependent torques, combined with a strong contribution of the planar Hall effect, bring about the sign change of the out-of-phase Hall voltage signals. The SOT efficiencies are also investigated as a function of the MgO sputtering power density (PMgO) and post annealing temperature in order to find the correlation between these parameters and the strength of the SOTs. A large change in SOT is observed depending on PMgO and the fieldlike torque efficiency, for example, it is approximately 1.8 times higher at PMgO=4.39W/cm2 than at PMgO=1.10W/cm2 in the annealing temperature range of 250 C-350C.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014034
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 17

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torque
sputtering
orbits
annealing
electrical measurement
Hall effect
radiant flux density
harmonics
magnetization
temperature
electric potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Influence of Mg O Sputtering Power and Post annealing on Strength and Angular Dependence of Spin-Orbit Torques in Pt/Co/Mg O Trilayers",
abstract = "The strength and angular dependence of the spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in Pt/Co/MgO trilayers are obtained by analyzing harmonic Hall voltage measurement results. The detailed analytical equations that consider both the isotropic and angle-dependent torques are derived and then used to characterize the angular dependence of the SOTs. The results show that both the dampinglike and fieldlike torques are strongly dependent on the polar angle of the magnetization and furthermore, the angle-dependent torques, combined with a strong contribution of the planar Hall effect, bring about the sign change of the out-of-phase Hall voltage signals. The SOT efficiencies are also investigated as a function of the MgO sputtering power density (PMgO) and post annealing temperature in order to find the correlation between these parameters and the strength of the SOTs. A large change in SOT is observed depending on PMgO and the fieldlike torque efficiency, for example, it is approximately 1.8 times higher at PMgO=4.39W/cm2 than at PMgO=1.10W/cm2 in the annealing temperature range of 250 C-350C.",
author = "Gweon, {Hyung Keun} and Lee, {Kyoung Jin} and Lim, {Sang Ho}",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.014034",
language = "English",
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journal = "Physical Review Applied",
issn = "2331-7019",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
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T1 - Influence of Mg O Sputtering Power and Post annealing on Strength and Angular Dependence of Spin-Orbit Torques in Pt/Co/Mg O Trilayers

AU - Gweon, Hyung Keun

AU - Lee, Kyoung Jin

AU - Lim, Sang Ho

PY - 2019/1/17

Y1 - 2019/1/17

N2 - The strength and angular dependence of the spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in Pt/Co/MgO trilayers are obtained by analyzing harmonic Hall voltage measurement results. The detailed analytical equations that consider both the isotropic and angle-dependent torques are derived and then used to characterize the angular dependence of the SOTs. The results show that both the dampinglike and fieldlike torques are strongly dependent on the polar angle of the magnetization and furthermore, the angle-dependent torques, combined with a strong contribution of the planar Hall effect, bring about the sign change of the out-of-phase Hall voltage signals. The SOT efficiencies are also investigated as a function of the MgO sputtering power density (PMgO) and post annealing temperature in order to find the correlation between these parameters and the strength of the SOTs. A large change in SOT is observed depending on PMgO and the fieldlike torque efficiency, for example, it is approximately 1.8 times higher at PMgO=4.39W/cm2 than at PMgO=1.10W/cm2 in the annealing temperature range of 250 C-350C.

AB - The strength and angular dependence of the spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in Pt/Co/MgO trilayers are obtained by analyzing harmonic Hall voltage measurement results. The detailed analytical equations that consider both the isotropic and angle-dependent torques are derived and then used to characterize the angular dependence of the SOTs. The results show that both the dampinglike and fieldlike torques are strongly dependent on the polar angle of the magnetization and furthermore, the angle-dependent torques, combined with a strong contribution of the planar Hall effect, bring about the sign change of the out-of-phase Hall voltage signals. The SOT efficiencies are also investigated as a function of the MgO sputtering power density (PMgO) and post annealing temperature in order to find the correlation between these parameters and the strength of the SOTs. A large change in SOT is observed depending on PMgO and the fieldlike torque efficiency, for example, it is approximately 1.8 times higher at PMgO=4.39W/cm2 than at PMgO=1.10W/cm2 in the annealing temperature range of 250 C-350C.

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