Influence of molybdenum composition in chromium oxide-based coatings on their tribological behavior

Hyo Sok Ahn, In Woong Lyo, Dae Soon Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Plasma-sprayed Cr2O3-based coatings containing molybdenum were studied to gain a better understanding of the influence of molybdenum composition in the coatings on their tribological behavior. Cr2O3-Mo composite powders (Cr2O3-5 wt.% Mo and -20 wt.% Mo) and Cr2O3 powders were fabricated using a spray-drying method and plasma-sprayed coatings of these powders were produced to evaluate their tribological performance. Wear tests were conducted with a reciprocating motion at room temperature and at 450 °C under dry sliding conditions. Measurement of friction coefficient was made in association with the sliding cycle. The physical characteristics of worn surfaces was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and chemical composition of the coating surfaces was analyzed using an X-ray photoelectron spectrometer and an X-ray diffractometer. The study showed that the friction coefficient of coatings containing molybdenum were lower than those composed of Cr2O3 alone at both test temperatures. The addition of molybdenum in the Cr2O3 coatings significantly improved the tribological performance of the coatings at 450 °C. Cr2O3-Mo composite coatings tested at 450 °C exhibited considerably lower friction coefficient than those tested at room temperature. Dispersed smooth films were formed in the worn surface for all coatings containing molybdenum. These wear-protecting layers, formed by plastic deformation of adhered and compacted debris particles to the surface, strongly influence the friction of the coatings as already observed by the authors with different plasma-sprayed coatings. The chemical composition of these films varied depending on the test temperature. XPS analysis of the smooth surface films indicated that MoO3 composition was dominantly formed as Mo species. MoO3 composition in the smooth film appears to be most favorable in reducing the friction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-361
Number of pages11
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Nov

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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