Influence of support composition on enhancing the performance of Ce-V on TiO2 comprised tungsten-silica for NH3-SCR

Dong Wook Kwon, S. Lee, Jongsik Kim, Kwan Young Lee, Heon Phil Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The roles of WO3 and SiO2 in Ce-V catalysts supported on TiO2 comprised tungsten-silica were investigated systematically for NH3-SCR (selective catalytic reduction) and NH3-oxidation at high temperatures. When SiO2 and WO3 were added to TiO2, the surface area of Ce-V/TWS was maximized and the formation of Ti–O–Si bond reduced nanoparticle size compared to without SiO2. The Ce-V/TWS surface had greater abundance of catalytic defects and surface oxygen species via XPS results. Increasing the (V4+ + V3+) fraction increased the catalytic activity, which is attributed to the enhanced SCR performance at a wide temperature range due to the addition of WO3 and SiO2 to TiO2. The catalysts using the TWS supports exhibit high catalytic activity, since WO3 and SiO2 can promote redox properties. It was shown that Ce-V/TWS was the most suitable catalyst for selectively producing N2 via thermodynamically unavoidable NH3 direct oxidation as the temperature increased. In addition, hydrothermal aging effects were investigated for the Ce-V/TWS catalyst prepared by TiO2 supports including WO3 and SiO2 (comparison with vanadium-tungsten/titania). This study demonstrates the feasibility of utilizing WO3 and SiO2 in the TiO2 support as a possible way to increase catalytic activity and N2 selectivity in NH3-SCR at high temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCatalysis Today
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Tungsten
Thyristors
Catalyst supports
Silicon Dioxide
Silica
Catalyst activity
Chemical analysis
Catalysts
Oxidation
Vanadium
Temperature
Selective catalytic reduction
Catalyst selectivity
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Titanium
Aging of materials
Oxygen
Nanoparticles
Defects

Keywords

  • CeVO
  • Hydrothermal
  • NH-SCR
  • NOx removal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Influence of support composition on enhancing the performance of Ce-V on TiO2 comprised tungsten-silica for NH3-SCR. / Kwon, Dong Wook; Lee, S.; Kim, Jongsik; Lee, Kwan Young; Ha, Heon Phil.

In: Catalysis Today, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Ha, Heon Phil

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N2 - The roles of WO3 and SiO2 in Ce-V catalysts supported on TiO2 comprised tungsten-silica were investigated systematically for NH3-SCR (selective catalytic reduction) and NH3-oxidation at high temperatures. When SiO2 and WO3 were added to TiO2, the surface area of Ce-V/TWS was maximized and the formation of Ti–O–Si bond reduced nanoparticle size compared to without SiO2. The Ce-V/TWS surface had greater abundance of catalytic defects and surface oxygen species via XPS results. Increasing the (V4+ + V3+) fraction increased the catalytic activity, which is attributed to the enhanced SCR performance at a wide temperature range due to the addition of WO3 and SiO2 to TiO2. The catalysts using the TWS supports exhibit high catalytic activity, since WO3 and SiO2 can promote redox properties. It was shown that Ce-V/TWS was the most suitable catalyst for selectively producing N2 via thermodynamically unavoidable NH3 direct oxidation as the temperature increased. In addition, hydrothermal aging effects were investigated for the Ce-V/TWS catalyst prepared by TiO2 supports including WO3 and SiO2 (comparison with vanadium-tungsten/titania). This study demonstrates the feasibility of utilizing WO3 and SiO2 in the TiO2 support as a possible way to increase catalytic activity and N2 selectivity in NH3-SCR at high temperatures.

AB - The roles of WO3 and SiO2 in Ce-V catalysts supported on TiO2 comprised tungsten-silica were investigated systematically for NH3-SCR (selective catalytic reduction) and NH3-oxidation at high temperatures. When SiO2 and WO3 were added to TiO2, the surface area of Ce-V/TWS was maximized and the formation of Ti–O–Si bond reduced nanoparticle size compared to without SiO2. The Ce-V/TWS surface had greater abundance of catalytic defects and surface oxygen species via XPS results. Increasing the (V4+ + V3+) fraction increased the catalytic activity, which is attributed to the enhanced SCR performance at a wide temperature range due to the addition of WO3 and SiO2 to TiO2. The catalysts using the TWS supports exhibit high catalytic activity, since WO3 and SiO2 can promote redox properties. It was shown that Ce-V/TWS was the most suitable catalyst for selectively producing N2 via thermodynamically unavoidable NH3 direct oxidation as the temperature increased. In addition, hydrothermal aging effects were investigated for the Ce-V/TWS catalyst prepared by TiO2 supports including WO3 and SiO2 (comparison with vanadium-tungsten/titania). This study demonstrates the feasibility of utilizing WO3 and SiO2 in the TiO2 support as a possible way to increase catalytic activity and N2 selectivity in NH3-SCR at high temperatures.

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