Influence of Type D Personality on Health Promoting Behaviours and Quality of Life in Stroke Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study in South Korea

Sung Reul Kim, Sunho Kim, Bang Hoon Cho, Sungwook Yu, Kyung-Hee Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Type D personality is vulnerable to stress and is associated with high symptom severity, unhealthy behaviors, and low quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic diseases. This study aimed to identify the influence of type D personality on health promoting behaviors and QoL in patients with ischemic stroke in South Korea. Materials and methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used. This study collected data from a convenience sample of 170 patients with ischemic stroke. Demographic and clinical characteristics, health promoting behaviors, and QoL were compared between the type D personality group and the non-type D group. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to identify factors influencing patients’ QoL. Results: Of the 170 subjects, 39 (22.9%) were classified as having type D personality. Type D personality was associated with higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores at admission and discharge, higher modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores at 3 months after stroke, lower scores for health promoting behaviors, and lower QoL. Regression analysis showed that mRS score 3 months after stroke was the most significant factor influencing QoL, followed by health promoting behaviors, type D personality, speech deficits, and family income. Conclusions: Type D personality should be considered together with health promoting behaviors and QoL in patients with ischemic stroke. Interventions considering type D personality may be helpful in improving health promoting behavior and QoL for the stroke patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105721
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May

Keywords

  • Health behavior
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Quality of life
  • Type D personality
  • cross-sectional studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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