Influential variables on intention and action to quit smoking between adolescent smokers and adult smokers-based on the transtheoretical model

Sung Ok Chang, Eun Ju Kim, Suk Yong Kil, GyeongAe Seomun, Su Jeong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study identified and compared influential variables on intention and action to quit smoking between adolescent smokers and adult smokers. METHODS: For the selection of variables, the transtheoretical theory was used. A survey was conducted with 376 adolescent smokers in 4 high schools and 451 adult smokers in community settings in South Korea. Discriminant analysis was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The variables of adolescent smokers that predicted an intention to quit smoking were: smoking temptation, self re-evaluation, counter conditioning and stimulus control. The variables that predicted an action to quit smoking were: self-efficacy for smoking abstinence, pros for smoking, self reevaluation, and self liberation. The variables of adult smokers that predicted an intention to quit were: smoking temptation, pros for smoking, cons for smoking, self reevaluation. The variables that self liberation and predicted an action to quit smoking were: self efficacy for smoking abstinence, smoking temptation, and counter conditioning. CONCLUSIONS: Developing stage specific smoking intervention methods based on different ways of how individuals make a decision to quit smoking within their contexts needs to be done.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1410-1419
Number of pages10
JournalTaehan Kanho Hakhoe chi
Volume35
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1

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Smoking
Ego
Self Efficacy
Republic of Korea
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Discriminant Analysis

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Influential variables on intention and action to quit smoking between adolescent smokers and adult smokers-based on the transtheoretical model. / Chang, Sung Ok; Kim, Eun Ju; Kil, Suk Yong; Seomun, GyeongAe; Lee, Su Jeong.

In: Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi, Vol. 35, No. 7, 01.12.2005, p. 1410-1419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Seomun, GyeongAe

AU - Lee, Su Jeong

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N2 - PURPOSE: This study identified and compared influential variables on intention and action to quit smoking between adolescent smokers and adult smokers. METHODS: For the selection of variables, the transtheoretical theory was used. A survey was conducted with 376 adolescent smokers in 4 high schools and 451 adult smokers in community settings in South Korea. Discriminant analysis was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The variables of adolescent smokers that predicted an intention to quit smoking were: smoking temptation, self re-evaluation, counter conditioning and stimulus control. The variables that predicted an action to quit smoking were: self-efficacy for smoking abstinence, pros for smoking, self reevaluation, and self liberation. The variables of adult smokers that predicted an intention to quit were: smoking temptation, pros for smoking, cons for smoking, self reevaluation. The variables that self liberation and predicted an action to quit smoking were: self efficacy for smoking abstinence, smoking temptation, and counter conditioning. CONCLUSIONS: Developing stage specific smoking intervention methods based on different ways of how individuals make a decision to quit smoking within their contexts needs to be done.

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