Genotoxic stress induced apoptosis is mediated by the formation of PIDDosome, which is a caspase-2 activating complex composed of three protein components, PIDD, RAIDD, and caspase-2. Here, synthetic TAT-fused peptides designed by the structure of PIDD and RAIDD, TAT-Y814A and TAT-R147E, respectively, were produced and tested for their ability to inhibit PIDDosome formation in vitro as well as to attenuate genotoxic stress-induced apoptosis in human renal cancer cells. The results show that TAT-Y814A and TAT-R147E have the potential to inhibit formation of the PIDDosome in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, both peptides partially inhibit genotoxic stress mediated apoptosis and activation of caspase2 and caspase3 in Caki cells. These results suggest that TAT-Y814A (also TAT-R147E) is a novel inhibitor of genotoxic stress-induced apoptosis that may serve as a prototype for anti-apoptotic drug development. Crown
- TAT-fused peptides.
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