Inhibitory effects of propiverine, atropine and oxybutynin on bladder instability in rats with infravesical outlet obstruction

T. I. Kwak, Jeong Gu Lee

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Abstract

Objective. To compare the inhibitory effects of propiverine HCl (BUP-4) with those of atropine and oxybutynin on the detrusor instability induced by partial obstruction of the bladder neck of female rats. Materials and methods. Partial obstruction was created using partial ligation of the proximal urethra in 20 female Sprague-Dawley rats. Both the obstructed rats and a control group of 15 rats were evaluated cystometrically about 6 weeks later and the values compared both at baseline and after injection with BUP-4, atropine or oxybutynin. During cystometry, the bladder capacity (BC), residual volume (RV), compliance and frequency of spontaneous activity (SA) were determined. Results. The BC, RV and frequency of SA were significantly increased, and compliance markedly decreased, in obstructed compared with normal rats. The micturition pressure was significantly decreased only after injection with BUP-4 in both normal and obstructed rats. For both, the BC was increased significantly after injection with atropine or BUP-4 (P < 0.05), with the increase greater after BUP-4 than after atropine in both groups (P < 0.01). After injecting BUP-4, the RV was significantly increased in both groups (P < 0.05); atropine increased the RV only in normal rats (P < 0.01) and oxybutynin had no significant effect on RV. Increases in compliance after the administration of each drug were significant only in obstructed rats (P < 0.01) and were markedly higher after oxybutynin (780%) than after the other drugs (180-250%). The frequencies and amplitude of SA after injection with each drug were significantly lower only in obstructed rats, but in these rats, there were no significant differences in this reduction after injecting oxybutynin or BUP-4, whereas they were significantly greater after injecting oxybutynin than after atropine. Conclusion. Partial bladder outlet obstruction successfully created a hyperactive (unstable) bladder, typified by increased BC, RV, frequency of SA and a marked decrease in compliance. The greater BC, lower MP and frequency and amplitude of SA were prominent after the administration of BUP-4. Thus it is suggested that BUP-4 effectively inhibited bladder instability in rats induced by infravesical outlet obstruction and was more effective than oxybutynin in increasing BC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-277
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Urology
Volume82
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Sep 5

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Keywords

  • Atropine
  • Bladder instability
  • BUP-4 (propiverine HCl)
  • Oxybutynin
  • Rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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