Inhomogeneous doping of polyaniline doped with sodium-hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6)

J. H. Jung, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, B. W. Moon, J. Joo, S. H. Chang, K. S. Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We report the charge transport properties of a polyaniline (PAN) sample doped with NaPF6 (PAN-NaPF6) by using the temperature dependent dc conductivity (σdc) and thermoelectric power, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments. The σdc of the system is ∼ 0.8 S/cm at room temperature, and its temperature dependence follows a quasi one-dimensional (1D) variable range hopping (VRH) model. The thermoelectric power at room temperature is positive, implying hole transport in the system, and its temperature dependence is interpreted in terms of the metallic nature at high temperatures (≥ 150 K) and the quasi 1D VRH characteristics at low temperatures (≤ 150 K). The doping concentration of the sample is obtained from XPS experiments. The density of states of the PAN-NaPF6 sample is estimated to be 1.18 st./(eV 2 rings), which is lower than that of conventional hydrochloric-acid-doped PAN (PAN-ES) samples. We compare the doping mechanism of PAN-NaPF6 with that of PAN-ES based on the results of EPR and XPS argon-ion sputtering experiments. We observe that Na+ and counter ions mainly exist near the surface of the PAN-NaPF6 sample and are inhomogeneously distributed through the sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-902
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May


  • Conductivity
  • Doping
  • Polyaniline
  • Thermoelectric power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Inhomogeneous doping of polyaniline doped with sodium-hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this