Inhomogeneous doping of polyaniline doped with sodium-hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6)

J. H. Jung, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, B. W. Moon, Jinsoo Joo, S. H. Chang, K. S. Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the charge transport properties of a polyaniline (PAN) sample doped with NaPF6 (PAN-NaPF6) by using the temperature dependent dc conductivity (σdc) and thermoelectric power, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments. The σdc of the system is ∼ 0.8 S/cm at room temperature, and its temperature dependence follows a quasi one-dimensional (1D) variable range hopping (VRH) model. The thermoelectric power at room temperature is positive, implying hole transport in the system, and its temperature dependence is interpreted in terms of the metallic nature at high temperatures (≥ 150 K) and the quasi 1D VRH characteristics at low temperatures (≤ 150 K). The doping concentration of the sample is obtained from XPS experiments. The density of states of the PAN-NaPF6 sample is estimated to be 1.18 st./(eV 2 rings), which is lower than that of conventional hydrochloric-acid-doped PAN (PAN-ES) samples. We compare the doping mechanism of PAN-NaPF6 with that of PAN-ES based on the results of EPR and XPS argon-ion sputtering experiments. We observe that Na+ and counter ions mainly exist near the surface of the PAN-NaPF6 sample and are inhomogeneously distributed through the sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-902
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Volume40
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May 1

Fingerprint

sodium
photoelectron spectroscopy
electron paramagnetic resonance
temperature dependence
x rays
hydrochloric acid
room temperature
ions
counters
transport properties
sputtering
argon
conductivity
rings
temperature

Keywords

  • Conductivity
  • Doping
  • Polyaniline
  • Thermoelectric power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Jung, J. H., Kim, J. Y., Kim, B. H., Moon, B. W., Joo, J., Chang, S. H., & Ryu, K. S. (2002). Inhomogeneous doping of polyaniline doped with sodium-hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6). Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 40(5), 898-902.

Inhomogeneous doping of polyaniline doped with sodium-hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6). / Jung, J. H.; Kim, J. Y.; Kim, B. H.; Moon, B. W.; Joo, Jinsoo; Chang, S. H.; Ryu, K. S.

In: Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 40, No. 5, 01.05.2002, p. 898-902.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jung, JH, Kim, JY, Kim, BH, Moon, BW, Joo, J, Chang, SH & Ryu, KS 2002, 'Inhomogeneous doping of polyaniline doped with sodium-hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6)', Journal of the Korean Physical Society, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 898-902.
Jung, J. H. ; Kim, J. Y. ; Kim, B. H. ; Moon, B. W. ; Joo, Jinsoo ; Chang, S. H. ; Ryu, K. S. / Inhomogeneous doping of polyaniline doped with sodium-hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6). In: Journal of the Korean Physical Society. 2002 ; Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 898-902.
@article{db5008480f7b4e1fa7b8630c83a4446e,
title = "Inhomogeneous doping of polyaniline doped with sodium-hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6)",
abstract = "We report the charge transport properties of a polyaniline (PAN) sample doped with NaPF6 (PAN-NaPF6) by using the temperature dependent dc conductivity (σdc) and thermoelectric power, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments. The σdc of the system is ∼ 0.8 S/cm at room temperature, and its temperature dependence follows a quasi one-dimensional (1D) variable range hopping (VRH) model. The thermoelectric power at room temperature is positive, implying hole transport in the system, and its temperature dependence is interpreted in terms of the metallic nature at high temperatures (≥ 150 K) and the quasi 1D VRH characteristics at low temperatures (≤ 150 K). The doping concentration of the sample is obtained from XPS experiments. The density of states of the PAN-NaPF6 sample is estimated to be 1.18 st./(eV 2 rings), which is lower than that of conventional hydrochloric-acid-doped PAN (PAN-ES) samples. We compare the doping mechanism of PAN-NaPF6 with that of PAN-ES based on the results of EPR and XPS argon-ion sputtering experiments. We observe that Na+ and counter ions mainly exist near the surface of the PAN-NaPF6 sample and are inhomogeneously distributed through the sample.",
keywords = "Conductivity, Doping, Polyaniline, Thermoelectric power",
author = "Jung, {J. H.} and Kim, {J. Y.} and Kim, {B. H.} and Moon, {B. W.} and Jinsoo Joo and Chang, {S. H.} and Ryu, {K. S.}",
year = "2002",
month = "5",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "898--902",
journal = "Journal of the Korean Physical Society",
issn = "0374-4884",
publisher = "Korean Physical Society",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inhomogeneous doping of polyaniline doped with sodium-hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6)

AU - Jung, J. H.

AU - Kim, J. Y.

AU - Kim, B. H.

AU - Moon, B. W.

AU - Joo, Jinsoo

AU - Chang, S. H.

AU - Ryu, K. S.

PY - 2002/5/1

Y1 - 2002/5/1

N2 - We report the charge transport properties of a polyaniline (PAN) sample doped with NaPF6 (PAN-NaPF6) by using the temperature dependent dc conductivity (σdc) and thermoelectric power, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments. The σdc of the system is ∼ 0.8 S/cm at room temperature, and its temperature dependence follows a quasi one-dimensional (1D) variable range hopping (VRH) model. The thermoelectric power at room temperature is positive, implying hole transport in the system, and its temperature dependence is interpreted in terms of the metallic nature at high temperatures (≥ 150 K) and the quasi 1D VRH characteristics at low temperatures (≤ 150 K). The doping concentration of the sample is obtained from XPS experiments. The density of states of the PAN-NaPF6 sample is estimated to be 1.18 st./(eV 2 rings), which is lower than that of conventional hydrochloric-acid-doped PAN (PAN-ES) samples. We compare the doping mechanism of PAN-NaPF6 with that of PAN-ES based on the results of EPR and XPS argon-ion sputtering experiments. We observe that Na+ and counter ions mainly exist near the surface of the PAN-NaPF6 sample and are inhomogeneously distributed through the sample.

AB - We report the charge transport properties of a polyaniline (PAN) sample doped with NaPF6 (PAN-NaPF6) by using the temperature dependent dc conductivity (σdc) and thermoelectric power, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments. The σdc of the system is ∼ 0.8 S/cm at room temperature, and its temperature dependence follows a quasi one-dimensional (1D) variable range hopping (VRH) model. The thermoelectric power at room temperature is positive, implying hole transport in the system, and its temperature dependence is interpreted in terms of the metallic nature at high temperatures (≥ 150 K) and the quasi 1D VRH characteristics at low temperatures (≤ 150 K). The doping concentration of the sample is obtained from XPS experiments. The density of states of the PAN-NaPF6 sample is estimated to be 1.18 st./(eV 2 rings), which is lower than that of conventional hydrochloric-acid-doped PAN (PAN-ES) samples. We compare the doping mechanism of PAN-NaPF6 with that of PAN-ES based on the results of EPR and XPS argon-ion sputtering experiments. We observe that Na+ and counter ions mainly exist near the surface of the PAN-NaPF6 sample and are inhomogeneously distributed through the sample.

KW - Conductivity

KW - Doping

KW - Polyaniline

KW - Thermoelectric power

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036015136&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036015136&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0036015136

VL - 40

SP - 898

EP - 902

JO - Journal of the Korean Physical Society

JF - Journal of the Korean Physical Society

SN - 0374-4884

IS - 5

ER -