Insight into water oxidation activity enhancement of Ni-based electrocatalysts interacting with modified carbon supports

Si Young Lee, Hyejin Jung, Sang Youn Chae, Hyung Suk Oh, Byoung Koun Min, Yun Jeong Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Water splitting is a clean and renewable way to produce hydrogen, and developing an efficient water oxidation electrocatalyst is crucial to overcome the slow kinetics and large overpotential of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in water electrolysis. In this work, we demonstrate that OER activity of an electrodeposited Ni catalyst can be influenced by a support material, and electron transfer between the Ni-based catalyst and the support is proposed to increase the oxidation states of Ni and thus contribute to enhancing its intrinsic OER activity. When a Ni catalyst layer is deposited using a carbon-based powder support instead of an expensive Au foil, the overpotential decreased by more than 50 mV at 10 mA/cm2 due to the synergic effect of the increased surface area and the modified Ni electronic states. In addition, compared with carbon powder supports, Fe and N doped carbon (Fe-N-C) is found to provide particularly more efficient support for the Ni OER catalyst; however, according to electrochemical measurement results, there is no indication of additional Fe intercalation. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis shows the highest binding energy of Ni particularly on the Fe-N-C, suggesting facile electron transfer from Ni to the Fe-N-C interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)684-691
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume281
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 10

Fingerprint

Electrocatalysts
Catalyst supports
Carbon
Oxidation
Water
Oxygen
Catalysts
Powders
Electrons
Electronic states
Intercalation
Binding energy
Electrolysis
Metal foil
Hydrogen
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Kinetics

Keywords

  • Electron transfer
  • Fe-N-C
  • Nickel electrocatalyst
  • Support
  • Water oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Insight into water oxidation activity enhancement of Ni-based electrocatalysts interacting with modified carbon supports. / Lee, Si Young; Jung, Hyejin; Chae, Sang Youn; Oh, Hyung Suk; Min, Byoung Koun; Hwang, Yun Jeong.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 281, 10.08.2018, p. 684-691.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Si Young ; Jung, Hyejin ; Chae, Sang Youn ; Oh, Hyung Suk ; Min, Byoung Koun ; Hwang, Yun Jeong. / Insight into water oxidation activity enhancement of Ni-based electrocatalysts interacting with modified carbon supports. In: Electrochimica Acta. 2018 ; Vol. 281. pp. 684-691.
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AB - Water splitting is a clean and renewable way to produce hydrogen, and developing an efficient water oxidation electrocatalyst is crucial to overcome the slow kinetics and large overpotential of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in water electrolysis. In this work, we demonstrate that OER activity of an electrodeposited Ni catalyst can be influenced by a support material, and electron transfer between the Ni-based catalyst and the support is proposed to increase the oxidation states of Ni and thus contribute to enhancing its intrinsic OER activity. When a Ni catalyst layer is deposited using a carbon-based powder support instead of an expensive Au foil, the overpotential decreased by more than 50 mV at 10 mA/cm2 due to the synergic effect of the increased surface area and the modified Ni electronic states. In addition, compared with carbon powder supports, Fe and N doped carbon (Fe-N-C) is found to provide particularly more efficient support for the Ni OER catalyst; however, according to electrochemical measurement results, there is no indication of additional Fe intercalation. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis shows the highest binding energy of Ni particularly on the Fe-N-C, suggesting facile electron transfer from Ni to the Fe-N-C interface.

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