Integration and long distance axonal regeneration in the central nervous system from transplanted primitive neural stem cells

Jiagang Zhao, Woong Sun, Hyo Min Cho, Hong Ouyang, Wenlin Li, Ying Lin, Jiun Do, Liangfang Zhang, Sheng Ding, Yizhi Liu, Paul Lu, Kang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in devastating motor and sensory deficits secondary to disrupted neuronal circuits and poor regenerative potential. Efforts to promote regeneration through cell extrinsic and intrinsic manipulations have met with limited success. Stem cells represent an as yet unrealized therapy in SCI. Recently, we identified novel culture methods to induce and maintain primitive neural stem cells (pNSCs) from human embryonic stem cells. We tested whether transplanted human pNSCs can integrate into the CNS of the developing chick neural tube and injured adult rat spinal cord. Following injection of pNSCs into the developing chick CNS, pNSCs integrated into the dorsal aspects of the neural tube, forming cell clusters that spontaneously differentiated into neurons. Furthermore, following transplantation of pNSCs into the lesioned rat spinal cord, grafted pNSCs survived, differentiated into neurons, and extended long distance axons through the scar tissue at the graft-host interface and into the host spinal cord to form terminal-like structures near host spinal neurons. Together, these findings suggest that pNSCs derived from human embryonic stem cells differentiate into neuronal cell types with the potential to extend axons that associate with circuits of the CNS and, more importantly, provide new insights into CNS integration and axonal regeneration, offering hope for repair in SCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-168
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume288
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 4

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Neural Stem Cells
Neurology
Stem cells
Regeneration
Central Nervous System
Spinal Cord Injuries
Spinal Cord
Neural Tube
Neurons
Axons
Rats
Cicatrix
Networks (circuits)
Stem Cells
Transplantation
Cell culture
Grafts
Transplants
Injections
Repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Integration and long distance axonal regeneration in the central nervous system from transplanted primitive neural stem cells. / Zhao, Jiagang; Sun, Woong; Cho, Hyo Min; Ouyang, Hong; Li, Wenlin; Lin, Ying; Do, Jiun; Zhang, Liangfang; Ding, Sheng; Liu, Yizhi; Lu, Paul; Zhang, Kang.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 288, No. 1, 04.01.2013, p. 164-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhao, J, Sun, W, Cho, HM, Ouyang, H, Li, W, Lin, Y, Do, J, Zhang, L, Ding, S, Liu, Y, Lu, P & Zhang, K 2013, 'Integration and long distance axonal regeneration in the central nervous system from transplanted primitive neural stem cells', Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 288, no. 1, pp. 164-168. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M112.433607
Zhao, Jiagang ; Sun, Woong ; Cho, Hyo Min ; Ouyang, Hong ; Li, Wenlin ; Lin, Ying ; Do, Jiun ; Zhang, Liangfang ; Ding, Sheng ; Liu, Yizhi ; Lu, Paul ; Zhang, Kang. / Integration and long distance axonal regeneration in the central nervous system from transplanted primitive neural stem cells. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2013 ; Vol. 288, No. 1. pp. 164-168.
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