Interaction of BiNbO4-based low-firing ceramics with silver electrodes

Seo Yong Cho, Hyuk Joon Youn, Dong Wan Kim, Tae Gyun Kim, Kug Sun Hong

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Several commercial silver electrode pastes have been evaluated for use with BiNbO4-based low-firing ceramics. After electrode application and subsequent cofiring, the electrode pattern on the ceramic was no longer visible. A bismuth-rich second phase was present at the electrode/BiNbO4 interface, and silver was detected in the second phase. Systematic X-ray diffractometry analysis of the mixtures between different silver pastes and doped/undoped BiNbO4 revealed an interaction between the silver and the BiNbO4. This reaction was responsible for the disappearance of the silver electrode patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3038-3040
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Nov 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Cho, S. Y., Youn, H. J., Kim, D. W., Kim, T. G., & Hong, K. S. (1998). Interaction of BiNbO4-based low-firing ceramics with silver electrodes. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 81(11), 3038-3040.