Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is emerging as an important component in leading to apoptosis. Our previous study demonstrated that silencing of the AChE gene blocked the interaction between cytochrome c and apoptotic protease-activating factor-1 (Apaf-1) in etoposide-induced apoptosis of HT-29 cells. We undertook this study to further dissect the molecular role of AChE in apoptosome formation. The present study elicited that small interfering RNA (siRNA) to cytochrome c gene blocked the interaction of AChE with Apaf-1, whereas siRNA to Apaf-1 gene did not block the interaction of AChE with cytochrome c, indicating that the interaction of AChE with cytochrome c is required for the interaction between cytochrome c and protease-activating factor-1. We further observed that AChE is localized to caveolae via interacting with caveolin-1 during apoptosis and that the disruption of caveolae prevented apoptosome formation. These data indicate that the interactions of AChE with caveolin-1 and subsequently with cytochrome c appear to be indispensable for apoptosome formation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research